187 millions of climate refugees: scientists forecast for the twenty-first century
Rising levels of the oceans could trigger mass migration.
On may 22, 2019 at 19:27
For a century the Land registers a rise in sea level caused by melting glaciers. Three years ago NASA reported that by 2080 sea levels will rise by 38 centimeters (and in the worst-case scenario – 120 cm).
However, in a new study by climatologists from the UK, USA and the Netherlands published even less optimistic forecasts. If the average temperature will increase 5 degrees by the year 2100, Global sea level could rise by 178 centimeters. In a worst case it would increase by two feet – and to 1.79 million km2 of land will be under water (which is equivalent to the size of Libya). At risk is the Nile Delta and other important agricultural regions, as well as, for example, London, new York, Shanghai and other big cities. By the end of the century the water will leave the Finnish capital.
Homeless for around 187 million people, and survivors are looking for a place to move to. For comparison, the recent crisis in the Mediterranean region has led to the fact that from 2015 to the present day in Europe arrived around 1 730 000 refugees – but is 100 times smaller than the upcoming wave of climate migrants.
The chances that it will come true the most pessimistic, “two-meter” forecast, a small – but needed to be addressed: sea level rising due to melting ice sheets of Greenland (daily losing 1 billion tons of ice) and the Antarctic (from 2009 to 2017 on the southern continent every year melted about 250 gigatonnes of ice and is six times more than 40 years ago). The rate of glacial melting can be reduced, reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Find out what steps are underway in this direction.