GENEVA | A resolution condemning systemic racism and police violence was adopted unanimously Friday by the Council of human rights of the united nations, at the conclusion of a historic debate and after the withdrawal of a statement specifically targeting the United States.
The Council of human rights, instance un based in Geneva and which Washington withdrew in 2018, adopted by consensus the resolution tabled by african countries in the framework of an emergency meeting convened after the death of George Floyd and the demonstrations organised against racism in the world.
Floyd, a middle-aged african-american, is suffocated by a white policeman during his arrest, on may 25 in Minneapolis.
In its original version, the resolution called for the establishment of an independent international commission of inquiry to shed light on the “systemic racism” in the United States. This type of commission is a high-level structure usually reserved for major crises such as the syrian conflict.
But the text has gradually been watered down and do not target more specifically the United States, triggering the ire of NGOS.
We merely ask the high commissioner for human rights, Michelle Bachelet, “to prepare a report on systemic racism, violations of international law in the field of human rights and ill-treatment against Africans and persons of african origin by the forces of order.”
The report says, should in particular examine “the events leading to the death of George Floyd and other Africans and people of african origin, with the aim of contributing to establish the responsibilities and to do justice to the victims”.
The NGO defence of human rights have accused the United States of having pressured to dump the text of a great part of its substance.
“By harassing other countries to water down what would have been a historic resolution, and hold harmless any international investigation, the United States turn their backs, once again, to the victims of police violence and black people,” said the powerful American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).
Without mentioning the United States, Michelle Bachelet denounced on Wednesday before the Council, “systemic racism,” and called to “make amends” for centuries of oppression of black people, with “an official apology” and “reparations”.
After a minute of silence observed for the victims of racism, the deputy secretary general of the UN, Amina Mohammed, had, she, statement, in a video message, that he was the “responsibility” of the united Nations to respond to victims of racism.
Before the opening of the meeting, Wednesday, twenty senior officials of the united nations of origin or of african descent, among whom the head of the WHO, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, have signed in a personal capacity a statement saying that “the mere condemnation of the expressions and acts of racism is not enough”.
The african group in the HRC has made “numerous concessions” to “ensure consensus” around the text, was recognized by the representative of Burkina Faso on behalf of those States, prior to its adoption.
To get reforms, the brother of Floyd sent Wednesday to the UN in an impassioned video message. “You have the power to help us get justice,” has launched Philonise Floyd.
It is necessary to put in place an “independent investigation commission on the black people killed by police in the United States and the violence deployed against peaceful protesters”, a-t-he desired.
In Geneva, the u.s. ambassador to the un, Andrew Bremberg, pointed out this week the “transparency” shown by the country in the fight against discrimination and injustice racial.
After a timid decree of the president of Donald Trump, the republican senators were presented Wednesday a draft law that addresses the “key bottleneck”, and to the training of police officers, without, however, addressing the broad immunity they enjoy for years.