Afghanistan: violence remains high, despite the peace negotiations

Afghanistan: la violence reste élevée, malgré les négociations de paix

Violence in Afghanistan remains unacceptably high despite the peace negotiations with the taliban, according to an official report american released Friday, which noted a sharp increase in the number of civilian casualties in the second quarter.

According to the Office of the special inspector general for Afghanistan reconstruction (Sigar, which depends on the Congress), “the attacks initiated by the enemy remained well above the historical average” of 1 April to 30 June.

The taliban have not carried out any attack against the forces of the international coalition, but they have attacked the afghan army in several regions, says the Office of the inspector general, who has not the right to publish the number of attacks by taliban since the United States signed the 29 February in Doha an agreement with the afghan insurgents.

Citing data from the afghan government, the report notes, however, that the week of 14 to 21 June, has been “the deadliest since 19 years”, with 422 attacks against the afghan army in 32 provinces have been 291 deaths and 550 injured.

Civilians have not been spared. According to figures from the coalition, with 711 dead, and 1374 wounded, the number of civilian casualties has increased by nearly 60% in the second quarter compared to the previous three months and 18% compared to the same period a year ago.

The report cites a document from the Pentagon that believes “the taliban calibrate their use of violence to harass and weaken the army and the government of afghanistan, but remain at a level that they consider to be in accordance with the agreement with the United States, probably to encourage a us withdrawal and the creation of conditions that are” after the withdrawal.

The agreement between the United States and the taliban provides for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan by may 2021 in exchange including security guarantees on the part of the insurgents and the opening of peace negotiations with Kabul, which appear to be on the point of being able to start as early as next week.

The United States had already reduced their numbers from 12 000 to 8 600 soldiers and withdrew their forces to five military bases in the country.

The United States, who want to put an end to the war, the longest in their history, arrived in Afghanistan at the head of an international coalition in late 2001, after the September 11 terrorist attacks on their soil. They have chased the taliban out of power, but were then never able to defeat them on the field.

After more than 18 years of conflict, the president, Donald Trump continues to repeat that he wants to repatriate as quickly as possible all of the american troops.

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