MISE À DAY
The life expectancy of Americans has been reduced by almost a year in 2021, after having already lost a year and a half in 2020, in particular due to the Covid-19 pandemic, announced Wednesday US health authorities.
It stood at 76.1 years last year, according to provisional figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a lowest since 1996.
This is the largest decline observed over two consecutive years since the years 1921 to 1923.
For comparison, the life expectancy of Americans was 77 in 2020 – down from 78.8 in 2019.
“The decline in life expectancy since 2019 is largely driven by the pandemic,” the CDC wrote.
Covid-19 deaths accounted for three-quarters of the decline seen in 2020, and half of the decline in 2021.
About 15% of the decline recorded in 2021 could also be attributed to the increase in deaths linked to “unintentional accidents and injuries”, including overdoses.< /p>
Health authorities note that the gap in life expectancy between men and women has widened from 5.7 years in 2020 to 5.9 in 2021. This is the widest gap since 1996 .
In detail, American women had a life expectancy of 79.1 years in 2021, compared to 73.2 for men.
The largest drop in life expectancy life in 2021 was observed among Native Americans (-1.9 years compared to 2020), followed by white people (-1 year), then African Americans (-0.7 years).
Life expectancy for Native Americans in 2021 was only 65.2 years.
It was 70.8 years for black people, compared to 76.4 for white people.
Covid-19 was the third leading cause of death in the United States in 2021, as it was in 2020, behind cardiovascular disease and cancer, according to a previous CDC report.
After a last peak in the winter of 2022, deaths linked to Covid-19 have fallen sharply in the United States, even if the country s still records around 400 a day for a total of more than a million deaths since the start of the pandemic.