An American woman who had been sentenced to death for the murder of her ex-partner became the first transgender woman to be executed in the United States on Tuesday.
Amber McLaughlin, 49, also became the first person executed in 2023 in the country.
The American received a lethal injection and was pronounced dead at 6:51 p.m. local time in the Bonne Terre penitentiary in the state of Missouri (center), according to a press release, for a murder committed in 2003, before his transition. According to local media, she remained held on male death row.
Amber McLaughlin killed his ex-girlfriend in the suburbs of St. Louis, the big city in Missouri.
She had not supported their separation and had been harassing her since, to the point that her former girlfriend had obtained protective measures.
But the day of the crime, Amber McLaughlin was waiting for her at the exit of her work with a kitchen knife and raped and then stabbed her before dumping her body near the Mississippi River, according to local media.
After his trial in 2006, jurors had found guilty of the murder, but they had not been able to agree on the sentence to be imposed on her. A judge then decided by retaining the death penalty.
The states of Missouri and Indiana are the only ones to authorize their magistrates to impose death sentences in the absence of unanimity in the popular jury.
Relying on this singularity, the lawyers by Amber McLaughlin had asked Republican Gov. Mike Parson to commute her sentence to life in prison.
“The death penalty considered here does not reflect the conscience of the community, but that of a single judge,” they wrote in their request for clemency, which also invoked the difficult childhood and the psychiatric problems of their client. .
Their request had received the support of several personalities, including two elected members of the US Congress from Missouri, Cori Bush and Emanuel Cleaver.
In a letter addressed to the governor, they recalled the child abuse in his adoptive family. “Alongside these horrific abuses, she silently grappled with issues of…gender identity,” they wrote.
According to the Death Penalty Information Center (DPIC), a reference on the matter, no openly transgender person had yet been executed in the United States, “but the question (had) attracted attention in recent months with the confirmation by the Supreme Court of Ohio of the death sentence for Victoria Drain and the commutation of that of Tara Zyst in Oregon, two transgender women.”
Since his election, Governor Mike Parson has not accepted any of the clemency petitions that have been brought before him. been submitted.