The U.s. Senate approved Thursday unanimously a text that provides for automatic sanctions against the chinese officials who violate the international obligations of China in favour of the autonomy of Hong Kong.
This bill must still pass the House of representatives and then be signed into law by president Donald Trump to enter into force.
But it has been promoted and supported by both republicans and democrats, desiring to strengthen the pressure on Beijing, beyond the measures already announced by the us government since China announced a law on safety in the ex-british colony.
The text of the Senate would allow Washington to sanction any entity or person who contributes materially to the violation of the obligations of the chinese.
Its authors cite the example of the ” leaders of the chinese communist Party responsible for the imposition of a national security law in Hong Kong “, or even police units involved in the repression of protesters in hong kong. Most importantly, the banks that would lead to “significant transactions” with persons or sanctioned entities are in turn subject to punitive measures.
“Great fear “
“What the chinese government is doing to Hong Kong is unacceptable. It removes their rights to hong Kong, ” said democratic senator Chris Van Hollen, one of the authors of the proposed law.
“It is important to do something that shows the chinese government that if it continues on this path, he will pay the price,” he added, blaming the administration Trump has for the moment been too cautious in its measures against Beijing.
Republican senator Pat Toomey has estimated that “the greatest fear of the chinese communist Party” was ” that the inhabitants of the rest of China adhere to the freedoms that exist in Hong Kong and decide that they want to enjoy the same freedoms.” “It is a risk that the communist leaders, the chinese can not tolerate “, he lamented.
The controversial draft law by the chinese authorities on Hong Kong plans including judges appointed directly by the political power and an “organ of national security” who will represent Beijing.
This text, which was announced last month after the protests pro-democracy monsters of the past year in the territory, is perceived by the local opposition as a way to reduce it to silence, and as the end of the autonomy of the financial metropolis, guaranteed in principle since its handover to China in 1997.
His presentation sparked an outcry internationally. The administration Trump felt that it actait the end of this autonomy, and has therefore opened the way to a questioning of the preferential status enjoyed by Hong Kong from the United States.
This dispute came to intensify even further the tensions between the two leading world powers, is already in full confrontation about the spread of the new coronavirus, including Donald Trump blames the responsibility in Beijing.