Here are the main actions and statements of the world health Organization (WHO) since the onset of the novel coronavirus at the end of December in China.
The sanitary agency of the UN is called into question by the United States, which accuse him of complacency towards China, that they suspect to have concealed the emergence of the virus.
The first home in Wuhan
December 31, 2019, the WHO office in China shall notify its referent the regional case of “pneumonia, viral”, having been made aware of a statement for the media on the website of the health Commission of the municipality of Wuhan to this topic.
On the same day, the intelligence service, on the epidemics of the WHO harvest another press release transmitted by the international system of sleep epidemic ProMed on the same group of cases of “pneumonia of unknown cause” in Wuhan.
On the same date, the health authorities of several countries in the world, contact the WHO for additional information.
On January 1, 2020, WHO demand the chinese authorities with information about these cases of atypical pneumonia reported in Wuhan, and active at its headquarters in Geneva, a cell of crisis management, “putting the organization in emergency mode”.
On 2 January, the WHO representative in China, wrote to the national Commission of Health of china to reiterate the request for information.
The January 3, chinese officials provide to WHO information on the group of cases of “viral pneumonia of unknown cause” in Wuhan.
On 4 January, WHO reports on social networks, “the existence of an outbreak of pneumonia — without death — in Wuhan”, and the 5 gives its first information bulletin on the virus.
On 9 January, the WHO announced that the chinese authorities have determined that the epidemic is caused by a new coronavirus.
On 10 January, the WHO published a technical guide to provide guidance to its 194 member States to learn how to track, test and manage potential cases. At this time, the scientific data suggest “that there is no human to human transmission or that it is limited,” according to the WHO.
The first case abroad
On 11 January, the WHO announced that it had received the genetic sequence of the virus COVID-19. The chinese media are experiencing a first death.
On the 13th of January, Thailand announced the first imported case on its territory.
On 14 January, the WHO recognizes during a press conference of a possible “transmission between humans is limited,” and that there is a risk of spread. An observation based on 41 confirmed cases.
January 20 and 21, of the WHO experts from China and the Pacific region western go to Wuhan.
On January 21, the WHO regional office for the western Pacific indicates in a tweet that”it is now very clear, according to the latest information, that there is a certain-to-human transmission”.
The 22 and 23 January, the boss of WHO, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, convenes an emergency committee, consisting of independent experts, to find out if you need to declare a “public health emergency of international concern”. The committee fails to find consensus and should be in a period of ten days.
On the 28th of January, Mr. Tedros meets in Beijing with chinese president Xi Jinping. They agree to send a team of scientists is international.
On 30 January, the WHO declared the outbreak of novel coronavirus “public health emergency of international concern”.
On 11 February, WHO called the disease caused by the novel coronavirus COVID-19.
From 16 to 24 February, a scientific mission, including 25 experts from the United States, China, Germany, Japan, South Korea, Nigeria, Russia, Singapore, Canada, and WHO goes to Wuhan.
On 25 February, a team of experts from the WHO and the ECDC (european Centre for prevention and disease control) makes in Italy, which will become, after China, the epicenter of the epidemic in the world.
On 11 march, the WHO says the epidemic is now a pandemic, but stresses that countries have shown that the virus, which has left more than 4000 dead, mostly in China, can be “deleted” or controlled”.
On 6 April, WHO ensures that the masks alone are not “the miracle solution” and judge that their widespread use is justified only if other measures barrier are difficult to put in place.
On 9 April, the WHO has published a first chronology of his statements to respond to critics accusing it of being late to sound the alarm.
On 24 April, the WHO is launching an appeal to its member countries to accelerate the development, the production and distribution of treatments and vaccines, and ensure universal access to therapies.
On 27 April, the WHO calls on countries that are initiating their déconfinement to test, isolate and treat, while ensuring that the measures of distancing physics are respected, under penalty of having to face a second wave of contaminations.
Living with the virus
On 14 may, the WHO estimates that the new coronavirus could “never go away” and become a disease with which mankind will have to learn to live.
On 18 and 19 may, the 194 WHO member States meet in the distance at the world health Assembly, decision-making body of the agency. They approved a resolution calling for an “independent evaluation” of the response of the WHO during the pandemic. Mr. Tedros ensures, a little before, that he will launch an investigation “independent […] at the appropriate time”.
On June 5, the WHO recommends masks in crowded places of the regions very affected by the COVID-19.
On 13 June, the WHO indicates that the chinese authorities have provided information on a group of cases of COVID-19 in Beijing. It offers its support to the chinese authorities and request additional information.
On 17 June, the WHO announced to have renounced to the clinical trials on hydroxychloroquine because the drug does not reduce the mortality of hospitalized patients.
On 26 June, the WHO estimates that over 30 billion dollars are needed to develop vaccines, tests and treatment over the next 12 months.
On the 29th of June, Mr. Tedros announced that it will send to China in the next few days of a preparatory team, in order to send a mission to investigate the origin of the virus.