PARIS | Facing the coronavirus, Europe continued to déconfinement, at a time when the United States crossed the symbolic threshold of 100 000 people dead and where a surge of new cases in South Korea illustrates the risks of a resurgence of the pandemic.
The E.-U., where the first death of the COVID-19 had been announced at the end of February, spent Wednesday in the bar of the 100, 000 deaths, nearly 1.7 million cases, according to the count of the Johns Hopkins university, who is an authority in the country.
The experts, including the immunologist Anthony Fauci, White House adviser, agreed that this official report is in fact likely to be below the reality.
The number of deaths in the United States on 24 hours is on the rise again, with 1 401 additional deaths registered between Tuesday and Wednesday, after three days in a row at least 700 dead.
“Grief in common”
Commenting on the crossing of a terrible threshold, the democratic candidate for the presidential election in November, Joe Biden, said: “there are days in our History so dark, so heartbreaking, that they are forever etched in our hearts as a grieving common. This is one of those moments”.
The death has especially hit the State of New York, the second-most populous country, with a third of all deaths in the country. Governor Andrew Cuomo has launched an appeal for aid from the federal government. “They were talking about the lives of the people. We speak of States and neighbors who are in need of help”, he said.
According to an average of several epidemiological models carried out by researchers from the university of Massachusetts, the number of deaths should be around 123, 000 deaths in the country by June 20. The White House table on an estimate of between 100 000 and 240 000 deaths.
Thursday, a new venue in South Korea has revived concerns about the possibility of a famous “second wave” of contamination, that fear all countries.
The authorities have reported the detection of 79 new cases in one day, including 69 in the warehouse of a trade company in the line in the suburbs of Seoul, is the highest figure since 5 April. The more than 4 000 people working in the building were immediately put in isolation and tested.
The Korean authorities, including the response to the pandemic has been these last few months erected as a model of efficiency, were immediately restored to two weeks of the restrictions that they had recently exercised, such as the closure of museums, parks and galleries of art.
The reverse movement is at work in Europe where, according to a count by the AFP, more than 175 000 people have succumbed to the disease.
Yet, by the favour of indicators declining in all countries, the movement of déconfinement continues and accelerates, in order to give people more freedom of movement and, especially, to begin to revive economies battered.
The european Commission unveiled Wednesday a plan to boost outstanding of € 750 billion, the largest ever to be referred to by the 27. It must, however, negotiate the terms: some governments want to grants to States, others only loans to be repaid.
The goal is “that the next generation in Europe collects tomorrow the benefits”, promised the president of the Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. The first beneficiaries would be two countries especially bereaved by the pandemic, and the public finances in a poor state, Italy and Spain.
In France, prime minister Edward Philip must in the late afternoon to announce the second phase of the plan déconfinement, which should allow many simplifications in the country.
Belgium announced that it reopened its schools Tuesday, after having welcomed back to the older students of classes that have priority.
The countries of southern Europe, where tourism represents a significant share of GDP, announced one after the other the end of the restrictive measures. Rome argues that the June 15 will be adopted throughout the EU as the date of re-opening of internal borders.
In Brazil, the emergency remains the same: to try to control the pandemic, the giant south american has not been able to do up here. The country has exceeded Wednesday for the fifth time in a 1 000 dead in one day (1 086 Wednesday).
“We are particularly concerned because the number of new cases reported last week in Brazil is the highest in about seven days since the beginning of the pandemic”, said Tuesday the director of the pan american health Organization (PAHO), Carissa Etienne. The total has more than doubled in less than two weeks.
Record in Peru
Yet the State of Sao Paulo, the powerhouse of the brazilian economy, announced that “the recovery is well-reasoned, of certain economic activities” on Monday. The hospitals of this State are currently dangerously close to the saturation, but this reboot will be fine-tuned according to the health situation of each municipality.
Peru’s neighbor, among other Latin american countries hard hit, broke on Wednesday his record of death (195).
In the whole of Latin America, the pandemic is spreading in particular in the slums, where millions of residents are unable to comply with the preventive measures, the risk of dying of hunger.
“We are increasingly concerned about the poor and other vulnerable groups more exposed to disease and death due to the virus”, recently said Carissa Etienne.
In the air transport sector, bled white with thousands of grounded planes in the world, the british company EasyJet has in turn announced on Thursday a drastic decrease in its workforce, with the loss of 4,500 positions, or one-third of its workforce.
The company joined its competitors British Airways, Ryanair or Virgin Atlantic, all of which have recently announced job cuts.