Coronavirus: towards a vaccine accessible to all the countries of Latin America

Coronavirus: vers un vaccin accessible à tous les pays d’Amérique latine

Buenos Aires | Latin America, the region most affected in the world by the epidemic of Covid-19, is placed in the starting blocks to produce emergency for the next vaccine, that it comes from Russia or Europe, then new health measures to be popping up all over.

Argentina and Mexico will take in charge the production and distribution in Latin America, except in Brazil, of the future vaccine against the coronavirus developed by the laboratory for the anglo-Swedish AstraZeneca and the university of Oxford, has announced that the argentine president Alberto Fernandez in the night from Wednesday to Thursday.

AstraZeneca has signed an agreement with the Foundation Carlos Slim “to produce between 150 and 250 million vaccines for the whole of Latin America except Brazil, which will be available for the first half of 2021,” said the officer, in a press conference.

The idea is to provide the countries of Latin America a vaccine “at more reasonable prices,” between 3 and 4 dollars a dose. The office of AstraZeneca in Mexico has assured that the production of the vaccine would be “no economic benefit” to the laboratory.

Mexico is the 3rd country in the world the most bereaved with 53 929 deaths, has also announced that it has concluded new agreements with the u.s. Janssen Pharmaceuticals and the chinese CanSino Biologics, and Walvax Biotechnology in order to participate in clinical trials from September for a possible vaccine.

Latin America and the Caribbean is the world region most affected by the pandemic, with 225 596 deaths per 5 720 309 cases, according to a report drawn up by AFP from official sources, on Wednesday at 11: 00 GMT.

Brazil and the vaccine Russian

In Brazil, 2nd in the country most affected in the world with 104.201 dead, it is the State of Parana (south), which was signed on Wednesday a protocol of agreement with Russia to try and produce its new vaccine Sputnik V against the coronavirus, whose effectiveness is yet questionable.

A work team brazilian will evaluate next week the results of the testing of the vaccine in Russian, made in phase one and two, which will be given by Russia, while the phase three, the last one before the registration is still in progress.

To the general surprise, the Russian president Vladimir Putin had said on Tuesday that his country had developed the first vaccine against the Covid-19 and was going to happen as soon as September, then the tests are not completed.

The world health Organization (WHO), for its part, said on Wednesday to wait “impatiently” to be able to analyse the results of clinical trials the Russian vaccine.

“WHO is in contact with the scientists and the Russian authorities and looks forward to studying the details of the testing clinics”, said the communiqué of the Geneva-based Organization.

Smoking ban

At the same time the race to the vaccine, many countries have put in place Wednesday a variety of health measures, even of reconfinement, while the coronavirus has killed 745 783 people across the globe since its debut in December, according to the last balance-sheet prepared by the AFP Thursday at 00: 30 GMT.

Germany said on Wednesday in Bucharest and from several regions of Romania to its list of areas considered to be at high risk of contamination by the Covid-19, forcing his minister of Labour to cancel a visit to the Romanian capital.

In Spain, the province of Galicia (north-west) goes from Thursday to ban smoking in the streets and the terraces of coffee if it is not possible to respect a safety distance of at least two metres between the people. This measure, unique in Spain, which has 28 579 deaths, aims to try to curb the transmission of the virus.

Turkey, for its part, has resolved to postpone by a month the start of schools and universities, the number of cases of infections with the coronavirus recorded each day being greater than 1 000.

“The schools will re-open with the distance education August 31,” said the minister of Education Ziya Selcuk, hoping for a gradual return to classes from the 21st of September.

Containment Sunday

Peru, 3rd country most affected in Latin America, after Brazil and Mexico, will re-establish a containment Sunday. Venezuela has extended to a fifth month in a row the ban of commercial flights. His minister of Communication, close to the president, Nicolas Maduro, has also been found to have tested positive for the coronavirus, and the governor of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

In New Zealand, so far modestly affected, it is envisaged to extend the confinement of three days currently in force in the largest city, Auckland, while the First minister, Jacinda Ardern, said thinking about a possible postponement of the elections of 19 September.

The United States remains the country most affected, both in number of deaths than cases, with 165 909 deaths for 5 191 689 reported cases, according to the counting of the Johns Hopkins university on Wednesday.

One of the epicenters of the epidemic, the Florida State is very tourist but which is also home to a large population of retirees, reported Tuesday a record high of 276 deaths in a day and still 212 Wednesday, bringing the total number of dead to 8 765.

This has not prevented a local sheriff to prohibit the wearing of the mask to its police officers and the visitors to his office.

“In the light of recent events, and considering the resentment and/or hatred against the forces of law and order in our country today “, the people entering the office will not have to wear a mask in order to “ensure clear communication and for identification purposes,” wrote the sheriff.

Share Button