The presidency in egypt announced on Friday that Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan had agreed to defer the water of a huge dam built by Ethiopia on the Nile river, and object of a conflict between the three countries.
“A final agreement legally binding and to prevent any unilateral action, including the impoundment of the dam, will be sent to the security Council of the United Nations in order for there to be examined at its meeting of Monday, on the question of the Great dam of the renaissance “, have indicated the services of the egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
The prime minister of the sudan Abdalla Hamdok, for its part, said in a statement that it had been ” agreed that the impoundment of the dam would be postponed until an agreement can be reached “.
Its services have indicated that the technical committees of the three countries would set up an agreement in two weeks.
“Sudan is a major beneficiary of the dam, but also one of the biggest losers if the risks are not limited, that is why he reminds us to Egypt and to Ethiopia, the absolute necessity of finding a solution,” said Mr. Hamdok.
This breakthrough came after a meeting as an emergency and a video-conference of the executive Council of the african Union, chaired by the head of the State of south africa Cyril Ramaphosa.
The tension had mounted recently between the Sudan, Ethiopia and Egypt while Ethiopia had announced its intention to proceed with the filling of the reservoir of the Great dam of the Renaissance (Gerd), after the failure of tripartite negotiations.
Egypt, which considers this project as a threat is ” existential “, called last week for the security Council to intervene. A new meeting of the Council shall be held on Monday.
If Ethiopia sees the dam is 145 meters high as essential to its development and its electrification, the Sudan and Egypt fear it will restrict their access to water.
The Nile, which flows on some 6,000 km away, is a source of supply of water and electricity essential to around a dozen countries in East Africa. Egypt derives 97 % of its water needs from the river.