Suffering from a brain cancer that is incurable, the ex-minister of the parti québecois David Cliche explains it, in a forthcoming book, that he has challenged armed groups aboriginal people after the Oka crisis for Quebec city to maintain control over the entire territory. According to him, the governments Legault and Trudeau would never have had to tolerate the dams rail last winter.
“We can not tolerate freezes. It is a society of rights. […] You can’t tolerate pieces of territory where Quebec has no access, not control. When you tolerate it, it is the beginning of the end,” says David Cliche in an interview about the crisis railway that paralyzed the country.
The potential presence of weapons does not change anything. “At the time, I said to myself,’ you are armed, but the police has more guns than you”, lance-t-il.
Specialist in aboriginal issues, David Cliche tells in A Quebec indivisible how the leader of the parti québecois, Jacques Parizeau was charged, as parliamentary assistant, building relationships with First Nations at the dawn of the referendum of 1995, in addition to defend the territorial integrity of Quebec in the face of calls for the partition.
At the time, the relationships with some communities have been strained. The Oka crisis and the blocking of the Mercier bridge for nearly three months, in the summer of 1990, are still fresh in memory. “[…] the Sûreté du Québec does not patrolled more on the indian reserve of the Mohawks of Kahnawake and Kanesatake,” writes David Cliche.
For a State that aspired to the sovereignty, the situation was “completely unacceptable” since this would mean that it is “unable to assume its primary responsibility, the implementation and enforcement of laws on its territory”.
Marijuana in Kanesatake
On two occasions, David Cliche to challenge armed groups to enforce the presence of the State in indigenous territories.
In the fall of 1994, despite the reluctance of his body-guard and of the Sûreté du Québec, he went on the Kahnawake reserve, then controlled by “sentry boxes with armed guards”.
“In fact, since the crisis of 1990, I think I was the first representative of the Québec government to go in the Kahnawake indian reserve”, he says.
The elected rebuked even get there without protection, with his family car. “In front of my stubbornness, my bodyguard agreed to lead me on reserve and I had a pleasure in waving the guardians of the gate before which we passed without stopping,” he wrote.
The following year, The Journal and CBC reveal the presence of “immense plantations of marijuana in Kanesatake”. David Cliche is of the opinion that the police must intervene.
“The head of the SQ was against this idea and proposed instead to increase controls at the exit of the territories of Kanesatake”, ” he says.
The great chief of the mohawk of Kahnawake, Joe Norton also warns : “don’t Do that, because there are going to be dead.”
Restoring the presence of the State
“I wanted to make act of presence on the territory of the Kanesatake mohawk, accompanied by the press to demonstrate that there was no territory within the borders of Quebec, which was immune from the intervention of our police force”, he says.
Finally, with the help of Joe Norton, David Cliche, and the minister of public Security Serge Ménard had accompanied the police officers came to eradicate marijuana plants in an operation broadcast live on the new antenna of RDI.
“It was necessary to restore the presence of the State on those lands. This is not true you could leave, with impunity, in the face of Quebec’s crop of pot of this magnitude-there,” he said.
- Negotiator for the Grand Council of the Crees (of Quebec from 1980 to 1984.
- Chairman of the Forum Great Whale from 1991 to 1993.
- Parliamentary assistant to the prime minister Jacques Parizeau on aboriginal issues.
- In turn, minister of the Environment, of Tourism, of the information Highway, and then delegate to the Research, Science and Technology.
- Director of project Group S. M. International from 2003 to 2005.
His point of view
On the partition of Quebec
The federal government, says David Cliche, has exploited the concept of partition of Quebec to bring fear to the voters. Of course, the indigenous communities, particularly the Crees, have been attempting to secede from a sovereign Québec. But “good luck” to obtain international recognition, ” he said. “For example, if the United States to accept that, the Navajos would have been able to decide to do so, too, the sovereignty”, shows-t-it. Same thing for Canada and its indigenous communities.
On the abandonment of the hydroelectric project Great-Whale
Although this was a good project from an economic point of view, David Cliche has convinced the prime minister Jacques Parizeau (photo) to abandon the hydroelectric project Great-Whale. It had become a “symbol” strong opposition between the Cree and the quebec State. “When I was doing conferences in the United States, there were young people who were crying in the room because of the hydroelectric project Great-Whale”, he says.
On the declaration of Jacques Parizeau on the “ethnic vote”
“Quebecers have lack of strength and pride to say Yes to themselves. It has nothing to do with the cultural communities.”