The spring is necessary to carefully monitor the condition. To keep the immune system in a period of beriberi and to protect yourself from anemia, doctors recommend that the right diet.
Anemia: causes, symptoms
Most often in the spring can sometimes be iron-deficiency anemia. All-due to lack of body iron and facilitating its absorption. Yet fruits and vegetables that contain high amounts of natural vitamins, particularly C and b, folic acid, which directly affect the absorption of iron, writes the Chronicle.info with reference to 24tv.ua.
According to Christine quits in the spring of the body exhausts the natural depot of vitamins to perform vital functions. Without new revenues, they often feel the deficit. In addition, in the spring of aggravated gastrointestinal illness associated with the absorption of iron: gastritis and gastroduodenitis. Because of those nutrients that humans consume may not be absorbed in the proper amount.
Doctor Natalya Vilner: “Anemia is reduction of hemoglobin in the blood. Sometimes anemia can be due to insufficient intake of iron from food. It often happens in children who consume large amounts of cow’s milk.”Iron deficiency causes a decrease in physical performance, cognitive impairment, developmental delay, adverse outcomes of pregnancy, impaired immunity and body temperature regulation.
Anemia – symptoms
• pale and dry skin;
• shortness of breath during physical exercise;
• rapid heartbeat (tachycardia);
• brittle nails;
• hair loss;
• painful ulcers in the mouth;
* burning sensation on the tongue;
• complications when swallowing;
• cracks in the corners of the mouth;
• loss of appetite;
• the occurrence of stomatitis;
• violation of taste and olfactory receptors (the desire to eat chalk or inhale the vapors of acetone).
Because anemia can cause hypoxia (oxygen starvation) that leads to impaired organ functions. Depending on the causes of anemia is iron deficiency, hemolytic, caused by vitamin B12 deficiency, megaloblastic, aplastic.
Diagnosis of anemia
In order to install the anemia, you must pass certain tests.
1) Ferritin is a storage protein for iron, which shows stocks of fabrics that cannot be affected by recent intake of foods which contain iron. This is one of the main diagnostic tests, but also has to determine the level of acute phase proteins (proteins that are synthesized in the liver in response to inflammation), which can be elevated during infection, inflammation, obesity and injury.
2) serum Iron is usually not considered a good indicator because it fluctuates in a daily range, as well as during chronic diseases, infection and inflammation.
3) Transferrin – protein that transports iron. Elevated levels can indicate that the body’s low iron stores.
4) the Hemoglobin – low levels indicate anaemia, but they are not specific to iron deficiency anemia. Therefore, it is important to do screening on-ferritin, not just to watch the General analysis of blood.
5) Hematocrit – low in anemia, but also not specific. He, like hemoglobin, only shows the severity of anemia.
6) the Average volume corpuscular volume (MCV) is the volume of the average erythrocyte. It may be reduced with anemia, but it is also not an indicator. MCV indicates that the red blood cells is less than normal value.
Please note that the MCV can be normal in the early stages of iron deficiency or when mixed anemia.
To determine exactly what an excess and what is missing, only the doctor after the results of the survey. He will also be able to choose in accordance with this not only dietary recommendations, but the drugs that help to compensate for the lack of a trace element.
How to eat in the spring
During this period, nutrition should include a specific set of products – those that replenish vitamins, and those that do not will let you experience a decrease in immunity. The value is not the amount of iron received with food, and the degree of its absorption. This requires vitamins C, B2, B6, B12, folic acid, zinc, iodine. Is also important the absorption of iron from the product. For example, a relatively large amount of iron absorbed from meat, especially red (veal, beef, lamb).
Christina Kvit said one common myth is the fact that the consumption of the liver the person will receive a greater amount of iron than the consumption of other foods.
Doctor-gastroenterologist Christine quits: “actually in this product really are a large amount of this trace mineral, but not in the form that has the best ability to absorb. Impairs absorption of iron and calcium, which contains, in particular, milk and cheese. Therefore, these products should not be combined in one meal with red meat people who suffer from anaemia”.5 the main types of foods that should be present in the human diet. It is a fruit and/or vegetables, cereals, dairy products, meat and fish. It is optimal to consume 5 servings of fruits or vegetables a day. In a period when few fresh vegetables you can use frozen or canned vegetables and fruits. The worst vegetable in the diet is the potato. Seasonal can be used carrots, beets, cabbage, onions, apples.
In addition to the risk of anemia in spring increases the risk of weakened immunity due to the lack of vitamin D. This vitamin regulates a very large number of metabolic processes in the human body and depends on the amount of sunlight. During the transition of winter into spring, this shortage is particularly acute is expressed by the increasing frequency of colds and viral infections.
Source of vitamin D must be present in the diet in spring – all kinds of fatty fish (salmon, mackerel, herring, tuna, sardines). You can use products instead of just fish oil capsules. Eggs are also a source of vitamin D, like butter, goat milk, and certain types of hard cheeses (cheddar, Swiss). Less vitamin D in perch and pike, but enough to avoid deficiency of this vitamin in the spring.
To maintain a healthy immune system one meal should include a dairy drink – yoghurt, kefir, fermented baked milk.
A valuable element of the power spring can be sprouted grains. These sprouts contain extremely high amounts of vitamins in their natural form. It is also a valuable product is honey, and bee pollen, which has a large number of useful trace elements to maintain immunity during the period of beriberi.
Especially food for children, pregnant women, elderly people
Regarding the difference between the meals depending on age – it is not so significantly different in early spring. Children and elderly people should carefully monitor your vitamin D levels because it is responsible for bone strength and their growth. Women need to enrich the diet of foods containing folic acid (spinach, egg yolk, greens, asparagus, legumes, flax seed oil, and broccoli).
Pregnant it is important to choose foods with high nutrient content. These are the foods that contain large amounts of essential nutrients compared to the calories: fruits, vegetables, nuts, vegetable oil, yogurt. They are necessary to satisfy the need for nutrients during pregnancy, without exceeding calorie needs.
Doctor Natalya Vilner: “Pregnant women should avoid foods with “empty calories” – then the situation is reversed. To the foods with “empty calories” include products with a high content of sugar and solid fats, such as sweet and soda, desserts, fried foods, whole dairy products and meat high in fat. You should also avoid alcohol, certain types of fish containing high levels of mercury – shark, swordfish. You should limit coffee consumption – no more than 1-2 servings a day.”
In addition to a balanced diet women should take 400 mcg of folic acid per day is already at the planning stage of pregnancy. In the case of vitamin D deficiency and iron in the diet of a pregnant woman, the family doctor will recommend additional medication that contain them.
In the diet of older people should limit red meat, preferring fish and poultry. The so-called “Mediterranean diet” has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system, reduces the risk of certain cancers, slow down the progress of dementia. A sufficient number of dairy products with high calcium content as well as fish and eggs contain vitamin D in preventing fracture risk in the elderly. It should be noted that there is no safe dose of alcohol, so you should limit its consumption in old age – up to complete failure.
A balanced diet includes the same 5 types of major products in adults. In General, a healthy diet of the child should match the diet of adult family members. According to who recommendations, a mandatory Supplement to the diet before the age of 3 years is vitamin D (1000 IU per day). If a child eats a balanced, supplements and other vitamins he needs. Not recommended to drink pure cow’s milk (because of the risk of anaemia) and honey (risk of botulism) before the age of 1 year.
What should not eat in the spring
The diet need to pace yourself. Alcohol, TRANS fats, salt, sugar, red meat is what should be avoided. Doctor Natalya Vilner advises to refrain from pasta and vegetable oils. They must be present as well as fruits, vegetables and whole grain foods. Dairy products it is better to choose lean, and the fish of the sea.
To give better products that do not carry a significant vitamin enrichment, adding only calories in the overall diet and reducing the absorption of valuable substances, in particular iron.
Doctor-gastroenterologist Christine quits: “It’s a fatty meals, especially of animal origin (fat, fat, fat meat varieties, rich broth, gravy, sour cream with high fat content). Also, it is necessary to reduce the share of simple “fast” carbs, including white bread, sugar, products from millet flour, because they are not the best way will affect the intestinal flora, which is also one of the elements of the immune system of our body.”
You must add a variety of cereals, cereal products, who better to combine with frozen fruit or greens for Breakfast.