MISE À DAY
Germany, Europe's leading industrial nation, again missed its greenhouse gas emissions reduction target in 2022, having had to consume more fossil fuels to compensate for the weaning of Russian gas, according to a study published on Wednesday.
Germany's greenhouse gas emissions reached around 761 million tonnes of CO2 last year, about the same as in 2021, according to the group's calculations Agora Energiewende experts.
The target of 756 million tonnes of CO2 emissions, set out in the German Climate Protection Act, “has thus been exceeded by five million tonnes », Explained a press release from this reference organization.
In other words, these emissions have fallen by almost 39% compared to 1990, but the country remains far from the objective of reducing them by 65% by 2030.
To achieve the objectives it has set itself, Germany must therefore considerably accelerate the development of renewable energies: according to calculations by Agora Energiewende, the rate of construction of solar installations should more than double, that of onshore wind turbines more than triple and offshore wind farms more than triple. massive natural gas and electricity prices, linked to the Russian war in Ukraine, and the mild weather.
However, the increased use of coal and oil to generate electricity, replacing Russian gas whose deliveries have stopped, have increased the emissions of polluting waste.
< p>The record of the transport and construction sector is one of the worst, having, as in 2021, missed the reduction target, while industry achieved it thanks to efficiency measures and the reduction of production.
“In 2023, the government must reverse the trend: less fossil fuels and ever more renewables”, comments Simon Müller, Germany Director at Agora Energiewende.
In 2022, 46% of electricity was produced from renewable energies, a record, according to the study. Berlin wants to increase this share to 80% by 2030.
Olaf Scholz's government has adopted major legislative changes to relax regulations allowing the installation of wind turbines and solar panels . Thus, 2% of the total area of the national territory will be allocated to wind power and the regions will be forced to make more areas available in the years to come.