The writer, north american and Nobel prize for literature, Ernest Hemingway, has lived in a total of twenty-two years in Cuba, where he shared his time between his country house, La Vigia, on the outskirts of Havana, the bar Floridita, for its daïquiris special to the grapefruit juice, the hotel Ambos mundos (room 511), Obispo street, where he preferred to stay in town for x reasons, and one or two restaurants of Cojimar, a few miles from the capital, when he was coming back to his parties fishing for swordfish.
It is, among other things, because of this fish that he loved, that he would be installed in Cuba. There was produced the finest fishing of his life, tells his friend, the writer colombian Gabriel Garcia Marquez, in the prologue of the book, Hemingway in Cuba, journalist Norberto Fuentes, and this, at only forty-five minutes from his house in the Gulf Stream. In his novel the old man and the sea (1952, Pulitzer prize), the writer gives an account of this epic battle between an old fisherman spent by the life and the swordfish, huge, symbol of the harshness of nature. “Man is not made for defeat, says Hemingway. A man can be destroyed but not defeated. “
But there were also many other reasons to prefer Cuba to Spain, where Hemingway came for his bull fights, tells the story of Garcia Marquez, as the cool breeze of the morning in the summer, which allows you to write in the best conditions before the extreme heat only envelops you, inviting you to relax. Besides, Hemingway was blocking the ring tone from his phone to avoid being disturbed during his work sessions early in the morning. He loved to attend cockfighting, a practice now prohibited in Cuba. He felt proud of the eighteen varieties of mangoes that he had in his garden and attending a sports club near where he worked at clay pigeon shooting, through sometimes large sums of money. Some of the many reasons which made him prefer Cuba to any other place in the world.
Nine thousand pounds
But the supreme proof that Hemingway had chosen Cuba for permanent residence, in San Francisco de Paula, more specifically, to a twenty kilometers from the capital, it is its impressive library, consisting of more than nine thousand books. Any good writer must surround himself with his books to write. Not to mention his hunting trophies and his works of art most of which have been taken by his last wife, Mary Welsh. They can still be seen today by visiting his house turned into a museum. Not to mention her four dogs and fifty-seven cats. Moreover, the writer, north american had built, near the house, a small cemetery of cats that one can see in visiting the Finca Vigia.
It is in this cottage, alone, that Hemingway wrote most of his works : For whom the bell tolls (1940), a novel that takes place during the Spanish civil war, where Hemingway was a war correspondent, across the river and under the trees (1950), which recounts the memories of an old soldier indoctrinated on the Italian front during the First world War, Paris is a feast, a narrative flavor-autobiographical work, published after his death in 1964, and where one rubs elbows with Gertrude Stein, Scott Fitzgerald and Ezra Pound as the young Hemingway with his first wife, Hadley Richardson (2011 Woody Allen will make a movie : Midnight in Paris), the old man and the sea, of course, and Islands to the drift (1970), where the avatar of the writer, ” the great drinker of daiquiri, a consumer of prostitutes and pillar of the counter of the bars of Havana, wonder why he needs to live badly to write well “.
In 1960, a year after the triumph of the cuban Revolution, while the United States began their sneak attacks against the young revolutionary government, the argentine journalist Rodolfo Walsh, who was murdered in 1977 by the military junta, managed to interview Hemingway at the time he was about to travel off of the island. “We’re going to win, we Cubans, we’re going to win,’ he he revealed in a very Spanish correct. And then he added, in English this time : “I’m not a yankee, you know. “Hemingway and Fidel had met a few months ago at the international Tournament of fishing for swordfish in Havana. Does anyone know what said the two men, but these moments have been immortalized in pictures.
Mark tells us that the writer loved Cuba for its secret charms and discreet, in speaking of his feminine conquests. Hemingway had four wives and several lovers, including actresses famous, such as Ava Gardner, but they had to wait until the writer has completed his work of writing before thinking again wife or lover. It is said that it was cruel and unjust with the women who loved him, and gentle and understanding with those who hated them.
In 2001, Leonardo Padura, a cuban author, creator of the famous of the police detective Mario Conde, converted to a seller of old books, published Adios Hemingway where he takes the opportunity to settle accounts with the sacred monster. Conde searches for the killer of an FBI agent which was found the corpse buried in the garden of the farm La Vigia. Novel pretext for the search of identity, always present in his other works. The old writer, both north-american and cuban, despised and admired, is suspected of the murder, committed forty years ago.
As a cuban American, Ernest Hemingway ? Depressed, he hits the head with his gun to two guns, on July 2, 1961, in the United States, at the age of 61, shortly after his departure from Cuba, where everything indicated that he was going to come back.