Houses intergenerational: train station to the municipal by-laws

Maisons intergénérationnelles: gare aux lois municipales

All municipalities are frame not the houses inter-generational in the same way. Before you consider purchasing such a property, it is best to inform them of the rules specific to each city or district.

The houses between the generations are, in fact, not born the last rain. Families of city dwellers share of the duplex for a long time and the clans have lived side by side for centuries in the same rank.

According to professor Sébastien Lord, who teaches at the School of urban planning and landscape architecture at the University of Montreal, the home inter-generational current a while back in time. What is relatively new is to see this kind of residences in the suburbs.

“With the modern towns that were built after the nuclei villagers, we had lost a generational dimension that one is trying to catch up by evolving old regulations that have not changed since the 1950’s, 1960’s.”

In Quebec, for example, some of the houses in intergenerational freshly built or renovated can be outdated when the person resident is placed in a CHSLD or dies.

“In the case where the second housing is allowed generally by the zoning regulations, it is possible to rent the room to a third party.”

“However, in the case of dwellings permitted by section 181 [of the conditions surrounding the addition of a further housing associated with a housing, editor’s NOTE], it cannot be rented to a member of the kinship, or will need to be dismantled”, explains the spokesman of the City of Quebec, Rose-Marie Ayotte.

When such a law applies, the money spent to transform a home single-family intergenerational property can prove to be in vain.

“If it’s expensive for a 15-or 20-year maximum, that is one thing, but if you can no longer rent after the investment is even less cost-effective”, warns Sebastian Lord.

“It is a way to check a little the impact to avoid the quarters of the owners are transformed into neighborhoods with lots of renters, with students who make noise, who make parties. After that, the image that people have of the tenants is not necessarily representative…”

Development constraints

If the City of Quebec opted for a uniform set of rules for both La Cité-Limoilou for Charlesbourg, of the boroughs of Montreal and Longueuil are their own specificities.

In the Vieux-Longueuil, for example, the second housing a housing bifamiliale may only occupy the ground floor and shall not exceed 45 % of the total area of the building.

In Greenfield Park, you push the note even further. The zoning bylaw directs that “the second dwelling must be demolished when the occupant of the second housing ceases to occupy the premises”. It is also stipulated that a single address is permitted per building.

“There is a pressure on municipalities in Quebec to relax their regulations,” says Sébastien Lord.

“The cities have policies such as “age-Friendly Cities” which affect many transportation and recreation, but the habitat and the residential offer should also be a part of it.”

Age-Friendly cities

The movement of age-Friendly Cities has seen the light of day in Quebec after a meeting of the world Health Organization. Since its creation in 2008, the action plan of the Municipalities age-Friendly (MADA) has rallied 700 localities at the provincial level.

A certification MADA is granted to cities and villages that “encourages active ageing by optimizing opportunities for health, participation and security of older citizens, to improve their quality of life.”

Concretely, this commitment can take the form of initiatives such as the TanGo, which allows seniors of Quebec and Levis is familiar with the public transportation.

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