How law enforcement caught Italy's most wanted fugitive

How law enforcement caught Italy's most wanted fugitive


Betrayed by his cancer, Italy's most wanted fugitive, Sicilian mobster Matteo Messina Denaro, has been arrested after 30 years on the run. Here's how law enforcement captured him.

The wiretaps

Investigators looking for Matteo Messina Denaro had been scouring the Sicilian countryside for possible hiding places since years, arresting those who protected him and slowly narrowing the circle of people he could trust.

Members of his family and friends were later heard in wiretaps discussing an unnamed person suffering from cancer and eye problems.

Investigators were sure he was was Messina Denaro, 60, who reportedly underwent eye surgery in the 1990s.

“We had unequivocal information that the fugitive had health problems (…) that he was going to a medical facility to treat his illness,” special operations commander Pasquale Angelosanto said Monday during a briefing. press conference.

“We therefore worked to identify (…) those who had access to treatment for the suspected pathologies,” he said.

National database

Investigators knew Messina Denaro would be using a false identity, but they used a national health system database to search for male patients of the correct age and history fair medical.

“We were whittling down the list, ticking people off, until we were down to a few people,” Gen. Angelosanto said.

“A few days ago we identified someone 'one who had booked a specialist visit for Monday' to the Maddalena Clinic in Palermo, Sicily, he added.

The man had booked under the name of Andrea Bonafede, the nephew of a close friend of Messina Denaro's father, Italian media reported.

Bonafede's medical records showed he had seen an ophthalmologist for problems with his left eye, online newspaper Open said.

He had also undergone two operations for colon cancer, one in 2020 and another in 2022, he said.

But when investigators dug deeper, they found Bonafede appeared to have been in two places at once.

Surveillance footage from his hometown of Campobello di Mazara, on the date in question in 2022, showed the real Bonafede walking the dog when he was allegedly under the knife.


When the man posing as Mr. Bonafede made an appointment for Monday at the Palermo clinic, law enforcement assembled a group of 150 special operations men to capture him .

Videos released by police later showed him arriving with his face barely visible under a hat, Covid-19 mask and tinted glasses.

Once they entered the clinic, they cordoned off the area and began to verify the identity of everyone present.

Unaware of this encirclement, the so-called Mr. Bonafede, dressed in his brown leather with fleece lining, took the mandatory Covid-19 nasal swab, before heading back outside, possibly for a coffee, according to Corriere della Sera.

Only then did he realize what was happening. When asked “Who are you?” the Cosa Nostra boss replied: “You know who I am. Matteo Messina Denaro”.

The doctor

Palermo prosecutor Paolo Guido said that Matteo Messina Denaro may be undergoing treatment for serious illnesses, but that he “appeared to be in good health. He didn't seem fragile or in difficulty to us.”

His doctor Alfonso Tumbarello, who is currently the subject of a police investigation, took care of him under the name of Bonafede, although he was the real Bonafede's doctor for years, according to the daily Messaggero.

The police are also questioning other people at the clinic, from those who shared chemotherapy sessions with the mobster to a nurse who took a selfie with him, media reported.

Mr. Guido said the clinic itself was not under suspicion, adding that it was the mobster's health that caused his downfall. “That's what forced him out into the open,” the prosecutor said.