“Eliminating nuclear weapons is the only guarantee that they will never be used”.
Unwinnable Nuclear War
“Nearly 13,000 nuclear weapons are stored in arsenals around the world. At a time when the risks of proliferation are growing and the safeguards to prevent this escalation are weakening,” he insisted.
In early January, the five members of the Security Council (United States, China, Russia, the United Kingdom and France), also nuclear powers, had pledged to “prevent the further dissemination” nuclear, just before a new postponement of the review conference. And before Russia invaded Ukraine.
On Monday, the United States, United Kingdom and France reaffirmed this commitment in a joint statement, reiterating that “a nuclear war cannot be won and must never take place”.
But the three nuclear powers have also pointed the finger at Russia, calling on it to respect its international commitments.
“Following Russia's unprovoked and unlawful aggression against Ukraine, we call on Russia to cease its nuclear rhetoric and its irresponsible and dangerous attitude,” they added.
US President Joe Biden has called on Russia and China to start talks on nuclear arms control. He reiterated that his administration was ready to “quickly negotiate” a replacement for New START, the treaty capping intercontinental nuclear forces in the United States and Russia, which is due to expire in 2026.
The NPT, whose operation the parties review every five years, aims to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, promote complete disarmament and promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
But during the last review conference in 2015, the parties were unable to reach agreement on substantive issues.
“The world cannot be safe as long as a country has nuclear weapons “Worried Beatrice Fihn, Executive Director of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), present in New York for the occasion.
“The TNP recognizes this. And the parties must act now.”