Legislative elections 2024: less renewed, less equal, older… Here is the new face of the national assembly

Legislative elections 2024: less renewed, less equal, older… Here is the new face of the national assembly

Les nouveaux députés prennent possession des lieux depuis ce mardi. MAXPPP – Jean-François FREY

Le palais Bourbon accueille depuis ce mardi 9 juillet les élus de la XVIIe législature. Un quart seulement n’a jamais siégé, un faible renouvellement dont les femmes font les frais. Voici le profil des nouveaux députés, notamment ceux de la région Occitanie.

Back to school in July. Two days after their election, the deputies of the 17th legislature arrived at the Palais Bourbon, in a group and ostensibly for the most part as if to assert their strength on the sidelines of the discussions for a coalition.

The different family photos revealed the new faces in the hemicycle. An assembly that these anticipated legislative elections have somewhat modified with these three blocs which now dominate, even though, paradoxically, with only a quarter of new elected officials (169, or 29.2% precisely), we are witnessing the renewal of ;rsquo;elected the weakest since 1946. For comparison, the Macronist wave of 2017 brought 75% new deputies and the first backlash of 2022 led to another significant replacement of 47% of elected officials. "The outgoing bonus has never lived up to its name so well", observes Pierre-Henri Bono, of the Sciences Po Political Research Center.

14 neophytes in the region

Occitanie illustrates this phenomenon. Of the 49 parliamentarians that the region sends to sit, 14 (or 28.5%) were not elected in 2022. It is the New Popular Front (NFP) which has the largest contingent of new deputies (35%), even if the National Rally, with its expansion in Languedoc-Roussillon (two constituencies in Gard, three in Hérault), also includes 30% of neophytes.

The short and rushed campaign may explain the difficulty in bringing out new personalities. Moreover, of the 14 new Occitan deputies, four have already sat in the past (Fanny Dombre-Coste and Jean-Louis Roumégas for the NFP, the centrist Philippe Bonnecarrère, Brigitte Barèges for LR-RN) and five others have held a number of elective functions like the president of the Department of Lozère Sophie Pantel. Only the new RN deputies, Manon Bouquin, Julien Gabarron, Charles Alloncle in Hérault, and Sylvie Josserand and Alexandre Allegret-Pilot in Gard, appear in the political landscape.

This meager renewal has another consequence: the hemicycle is aging somewhat. The average age is now 49 years and 2 months, compared to 48 years and 6 months in 2022. This is more marked in Occitanie, where the deputies are “old” 50 years and 6 months, despite RN elected officials being significantly younger (44 years and 8 months). It is those of the NFP and Ensemble (53 years and 3 months) who raise this average.

From 30 to 72 years old

In the region, the youngest MP is thus the RN Héraultais Charles Alloncle, 30 years old, while the oldest is the Aveyronnais Jean-François Rousset (Ensemble), 72 years old. However, he will not have the honor of opening the inaugural session on July 18, the oldest member of the Assembly remaining the elected representative of Bouches-du-Rhône José Gonzalez, 81 years old. At his side, we will find the youngest, Flavien Termet, RN deputy of the Ardennes at 22 years old.

Legislative elections 2024: less renewed, less equal, older… Here is the new face of the national assembly

Age, parity… the profile of the deputies. S.W.

Another characteristic of the parliamentarians of the region, their relative experience. Of the 49, only seven are starting their third term and not one has been elected before 2017… at least not continuously. Next to him, the centrist from Marne, Charles de Courson, elected since 1993 and who will be serving his 8th term, looks like a dinosaur.

While all age groups are generally represented, this is less true in terms of socio-professional categories: 347 elected officials are classified as “executives and higher intellectual professions”, or 74% of active deputies, a similar figure (68.7%) in Occitanie where there is only one farmer, 4 employees and 3 craftsmen or traders.

“In times of crisis…”

But the main characteristic of this new national assembly remains the proportion of women elected. There will now be 208 of them sitting, compared to 369 men, or barely more than a third (36%) of all the deputies. While the arrival of Emmanuel Macron made it possible to witness a parity jump (from 26% to 38%, from 2012 to 2017), confirming the continuous increase since 1973 , this is the second time in a row that we have seen a decline. A decline also in Occitania, from 42.9% to 39%, with the only difference that the RN, with 45% of MPs, is doing better than the NFP (40%). . This observation makes Geneviève Tapié, president of the Regional Parity Observatory, say: "In times of crisis, it is women who are the first to pay the bill and this is due to a law which does not guarantee parity but merely promotes it ".

In a historic legislature, it therefore calls for "a historic act leading to a radical modification of the law on the equal representation of women and men in mandates and functions". It could be one of the founding acts of a national assembly which will have to find a new way to exercise its power.

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