For the first time in more than a decade, the number of persons who have moved outside the urban agglomeration of Montreal in 2018-2019 has exceeded the number of people being installed. Despite this, the population increased due to births many deaths.
“The negative migratory balance amounted to a negative balance of 5932 individuals for the period,” says a recent publication of the City of Montreal.
This is the first time since 2006-2007 that there are fewer people entering than leaving the territory. But again, this deficit of migration is “the most important observed over the past twenty years”.
Less international immigrants have laid their suitcases on the territory of the agglomeration. Almost 29 000 immigrants arrived in 2018-2019, or approximately 3600 individuals of less than a year earlier.
There are also more of Montrealers who went to live in another province than the reverse. They choose especially Ontario and British Columbia.
To the suburbs
But still, the exodus to the suburbs continues, while 60 605 people left the island to settle elsewhere in the province. Among these, almost 86 % have taken the direction of the Montérégie, Laval, Lanaudière and the Laurentians. Alone, the Montérégie region has welcomed more than 23 000 Montrealers.
The most important cohort of people who are going to live outside of Montreal is made up of young people between the ages of 25 to 34 years with their children.
Conversely, it saves 32 715 people from elsewhere in Quebec, of which nearly 79 % from the four adjacent regions.
All in all, it is a loss of 27 890 people, that is, “the most important deficit intraprovincial recorded since 1992”.
Increase of the population
The population of metropolitan montreal has surpassed two million in 2018. In 2019, 2 052 910 people remained there, according to the preliminary data from the Institut de la statistique du Québec.
It is 238 300 people from more than 20 years ago. “It is more or less the equivalent of the current populations combined boroughs of Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie and Saint-Laurent that are added on the territory of the agglomeration since 1999”, note the City in its demographic analysis.
Despite a negative migratory balance, the population has still increased as a result of a positive natural increase of 7480 people in 2018, which means that there are more births than deaths. It remains that it is the balance, the lowest recorded since 2007.
Negative net migration
Immigrants: 28 796 / Emigrants: 4638
Arrived from elsewhere in Quebec: 32 715 / political Parties elsewhere in Quebec: 60 605
Arrived from elsewhere in Canada: 9930 / political Parties elsewhere in Canada: 12 130
Positive natural growth:
Birth: 22 950 / Death: 15 470
Source: Institut de la statistique du Québec and City of Montreal