MISE & Agrave; DAY
Representatives from 57 Muslim countries meet in Islamabad, Pakistan on Sunday for an extraordinary meeting devoted to the humanitarian crisis in neighboring Afghanistan, a diplomatic test also for the new Taliban leadership.
The Meeting of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Countries is the first major conference on Afghanistan since the fall of the former US-backed government in August.
After the Taliban's lightning return to power, several billion dollars in aid and assets were frozen by the international community, posing the risk of a major humanitarian crisis in the country of 38 million people. winter is approaching.
According to the United Nations, Afghanistan is facing “one of the worst humanitarian disasters in the world” while the UN World Food Program (WFP) has put warning of an upcoming “avalanche of famine”.
On Sunday, the administrative heart of Islamabad will be completely closed to the public, surrounded by barbed wire fences and towering roadblocks of soldiers and police.
The one-day summit is expected to conclude with promises of help Sunday evening.
Afghan Foreign Minister Amir Khan Muttaqi is among the expected delegates to the Pakistani parliament, alongside representatives from the United States, China, Russia, the European Union and the United Nations.
According to the Pakistani authorities, 70 delegations are attending the meeting.
No country has yet recognized the Taliban government which took power in mid-August, with the full withdrawal of American forces, and diplomats will have the delicate task of helping the Afghan economy without supporting the Islamist regime.
Shah Mehmood Qureshi, Pakistan's foreign minister, said the meeting would speak “on behalf of the Afghan people” and not a “particular group” of the population.
Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were the only three countries to have recognized the previous Taliban regime, from 1996 to 2001.
According to Qureshi, “there is a difference between recognition and engagement ”with the new regime in Kabul.
“ We have to encourage them through persuasion, through incentives, to move in the right direction, ”he said. told reporters ahead of the summit: “A policy of coercion and intimidation has not worked. If it had worked, we wouldn't be in this situation, ”he added.