The mission of the unit officially recognized as completed after thousands of unsuccessful attempts to establish communication with him.
NASA on Wednesday, February 13, officially announced the termination of the mission, the Opportunity Rover, which last year got into a dust storm on the red planet and since then has not been in touch. This is stated in the press release, the aerospace Department.
On the eve of NASA’s last attempt to contact the Mars Rover, which again brought no result. There were about a thousand such attempts.
Opportunity has continued to operate successfully on the red planet until the summer of 2018, after about 45 km.
The last time the Rover was released on bond June 10. Due to powerful and prolonged dust storm, he was transferred to the power saving mode, as bad weather prevented the flow of light on its solar panels.
In the autumn the storm subsided, however, the Rover on the equipment.
The device was originally designed to operate for 90 Martian days and had to drive a total of 1,000 meters. However, by the time the powerful storm, the Rover has been on Mars for 14 years and 195 days, exceeding the planned period is almost 60 times.
Later, the team was able to pinpoint the location of the Rover. Found it in pictures taken by the orbiting Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Opportunity is on the slope of the Valley of Perseverance.
Opportunity is the second Rover two running NASA project Mars Exploration Rover. He sank down on the surface of the red planet on 25 January 2004, three weeks later, the first Rover Spirit, which landed on the opposite side of Mars.
They found plenty of evidence that Mars was relatively warm and wet world billions of years ago, changing scientists understanding of planet evolution and the possibility of life on it.
Opportunity relayed to Earth 217 of thousands of images, including 15 colored panoramas. His main achievement was the discovery of minerals formed in water, and other evidence that in the past on the planet’s surface was water.
The first Rover Spirit operated on the surface of Mars until March 2010, after passing of 7.73 km instead of the planned 600 m, which allowed to make more extensive analyses of geological rocks of Mars. After the machine got stuck in a sand dune, it continued to be used as a stationary platform.
In August 2012, on the surface of Mars came down apparatus of the third generation Curiosity, which is several times heavier than Opportunity. It does not depend on sunlight because it uses a nuclear generator. This Rover worked throughout the storms on Mars last year.
In June 2018, NASA reported that Curiosity found molecules of organic compounds of unknown origin in rocks of the red planet.
Born on July 18, 1950, in Athens, Greece, Lisa Flanders went on to study economics at the University of Cambridge, eventually moving to the United States. She was a conservative commentator before switching to liberal politics and started the Web site TheKoztimes.com