This essay, written by a distinguished professor, UQAM, Yves Gingras, author, among others, a History of science in Quebec, was published four years ago, but it seems more topical than ever with the efforts of the zealots of the Ethics and religious culture course, and the debates sharp between the lay movement and the supporters of the islamic veil in public space.
Nothing seems settled since Copernicus and Galileo tried to prove that the earth revolves around the sun, and not the reverse, and that the latter has been sentenced to imprisonment by the tribunal of the Inquisition, led by the Holy Office, there are less than four hundred years ago, in 1633. Galilee, one of the greatest scholars of Europe, even had to stop to talk with anyone, ” overtly or covertly “, the movement of the Earth ” under penalty of the most serious penalties “. The pope refused even a burial worthy of his rank. Any academic research should be submitted to ” the obedience indisputable of belief “, and the guardianship of theology on philosophy was self-evident. In this essay, the author analyzes precisely the reports tumultuous between the sciences and its main disciplines : astronomy, physics, geology, natural history, on the one hand, and the religious institutions in the western world since the Seventeenth century, on the other hand.
Faith and reason are always opposed since the early days of christianity. At the beginning of the seventies of the last century, says Gingras, we are witnessing a new attempt to combine God and science, with the arrival of new currents of thought associated with the counter-culture and new age. They seek to ” combine religious and philosophical traditions of old to the “mysteries” of quantum physics “. It seeks to make us believe that modern science is compatible with religious beliefs. This trend, that wants to be cool, is even more palpable since the rise of religious sects and fundamentalists. In fact, there is nothing new under the sun, except that it is adorned speech appealing for us to believe that science and religion are not incompatible.
Fight between two groups
What we said to the author, is that this antagonism history reveals a power struggle fierce between the two groups, including the powerful and well structured, and of the christian Church, which has long dominated our societies. In loss of speed, it wants to regain its hegemonic position. And this is also true for the protestant sects and the muslim organisations. A common denominator that unites them all : their rejection of the theory of evolution, deemed offensive or immoral.
Whereas today, ” astronomers are actively looking for intelligent life in other solar systems “, it will be taken of convictions, bans, tears and cries to be finally accepted the plurality of worlds.
The science is also present in archaeology and Gingras tells the story of the discovery of the “skeleton, the most complete, best preserved and one of the oldest on the territory of the United States” and the legal saga that followed. Nicknamed ” the man from Kennewick “, it would not be a direct ancestor of the indian nations who live today in the territory of the Member-States and from the islands of the Pacific, there are approximately 9000 years old.
Another alarming fact : the religious fundamentalism in the United States is so powerful that a ” federal regulations on the protection of the child allows the parents to replace medical treatments recognized by the simple prayer when their choice is based on a religious conviction is sincere “. At least 172 children died under such circumstances between 1975 and 1995, God and Jesus are the only physicians accepted through the prayer. Not to mention the refusal to be vaccinated. And Gingras concludes : “Only more science can correct the mistakes of science. “
Guessing game in the end : Did you know that the noun for science (scientist), used first as an adjective, was coined in 1830 by philosopher, mathematician and pastor, anglican William Whewell to replace the term natural philosopher ?
De Gaulle’s independence
Some evil tongues have said that the sentence launched from the balcony of the city hall of Montreal, 24 July 1967, was improvised. Lisée we prove the contrary. General de Gaulle had indeed planned this “Vive le Québec libre !” while he was aboard the ship Colbert, who had brought him to Quebec in the summer of the universal Exhibition. Because de Gaulle was determined ” to make history “. The only element left to chance : everything would depend on the atmosphere. This small historic reminder of the bonds that unite has always been France and Quebec and 144 pages is quite welcome and refreshing.
The temptation québécoise de John F. Kennedy
Jean-François Lisée says
Éditions Carte blanche/box Lisée”>
Jean-François Lisée says
Éditions Carte blanche/box Lisée
This book could also be titled ” The temptation of american René Lévesque “. The former prime minister of the parti québécois has long been fascinated by the United States, a land of contrast, “the most viable empires, of all the empires that we have known up to here,” he wrote. He believed seriously that the united States and the White House would support a Republic of Quebec. He was not entirely wrong. We find a JFK became a francophile by the intermediary of a priest, franco-american, father Morissette, confidant of our Jack Kerouac and supporter of decolonization in Africa. He would have entrusted, while he was a senator : “The province of Quebec, such as Algeria, is a country “. Fascinating.
Speak English using French words (first volume A-J)
Editions Les Intouchables”>
Editions Of The Untouchables
William the Conqueror, duke of Normandy, became the king of England, in 1066, the English language has undergone a profound transformation. “Modern English has absorbed tens of thousands of French words, and almost all of the words in Greek and Latin, that are found in English, have passed through the French. You can find in this directory of 422 French words of germanic origin, 96 of Dutch origin, 13 is of norman origin, 51 of scandinavian origin, 14 of the original breton, 9 of celtic origin, 39 of gallic origin, and a few hundred from the langue d’oc (provençal, auvergnat, catalan, occitan, etc).” Are also listed the debt to the Spanish, to Arabic, to Italian. Interesting.