The u.s. army plans to rename american bases honoring the confederate generals, as the protests against police violence in the United States have reignited the debate about the past slavery in the country.
“The minister of Defense and the secretary of the army are open to a discussion on the subject,” said Tuesday to AFP a spokesman of the army, the colonel-Sunset Belinsky.
Several monuments confederates have been clarified since the death of George Floyd, a black American killed during his arrest by a white policeman in Minneapolis on may 25, and the debate on the racial disparities has gained the ranks of the american army, one of the institutions of the country where the minorities are the most represented.
Gold ten bases of the army, all located in the south of the country, bear the name of former military southerners of the american Civil war (1861-1865), including the largest base in the country, Fort Bragg, North Carolina. It bears the name of a former general of the army, secessionist, Braxton Bragg, who is best known for having lost the great battle of Chattanooga in 1863.
A database of Georgia honors Henry L. Benning, a general slavery convinced, who had pleaded for the creation of a “Slavocratie southerner”. There is also a Fort Lee, the name of the commander-in-chief of the army of the south Robert Lee, thirty miles from Richmond, the capital of the confederate States during the war.
In a column published Tuesday by The Atlantic magazine, ex-CIA director David Petraeus, one of the former members of the military the most respected in the country, felt that it was “time to remove the names of traitors to our military bases are the most important,” recalling that the general southerners had defected from the us army before taking up arms against the North.
“The american army has often been innovative, particularly in terms of racial integration,” added Mr. Petraeus, a former general of the army. “We do not live in a country where Braxton Bragg, Henry Benning, or Robert Lee can be a source of inspiration. It is imperative to recognize”.
The Pentagon had already planned to rename these databases in 2015, after the shooting, Charleston, South Carolina, where a young white supremacist had killed nine faithful black in a church.
The army had finally chosen to retain the existing names. “Each base bears the name of a soldier who has his place in our military history. These names represent people, not causes or ideology”, had then explained a spokesman, general Malcolm Frost.