Of men and beasts

Des hommes et des bêtes

As the debate intensifies around issues of gender and race, the book of biologist Cyrille Barrette, ethnologist “expert” from the behaviour of the muntjac, caribou, and other mammals alike, takes us back two feet on the ground, on the floor of the cows, within the large family of mammals and other animal species.

He will attempt, he says, to identify the beast that we are. Because we are beasts, a little weird, either ! but of the beasts ” to full “. We are without a doubt the weakest link the most interesting of the chain, being the only ones to ask ourselves four key questions : Why do we exist ? Where are we going ? Who are we ? Where do we come from ?

To the first question, he responds : “In nature nothing exists… “for”, everything exists… “because”. […] Every species exists for its own sake and not to fulfill a role or contribute to a project. “It is all a matter of contingency or chance. Nothing was planned in advance. “I exist, but barely,” says the author. I was possible, but not inevitable nor planned, nor is it required.

As to the last question, everything is explained by evolution. And Module quote the biologist Ukrainian Theodosius Dobzhansky : “In biology, nothing is intelligible except in the light of evolution. “Evolution by natural selection. Even the Church, since John Paul II, admits it, except in regards to ” the creation of our soul “. Pope Francis does not see a contradiction, since, according to him, it has been necessary in the first place, the intervention of a supernatural creator. However, our origins have nothing to do with the idea of creation. “The origin is a continuous transformation, elusive and without a break, as the transition from childhood to adolescence or from freshwater to salt water in a river. “This is an origin without “first” own design concept. Survive only the strongest. “You have to fight to stay alive,” says the biologist. This applies to everything that is alive on earth. The fight, adapting to the environment, to climate conditions and others.

The concepts of ” wild “, a term used at the time by Charles Darwin to describe those living close to nature, and civilized are interesting. Thus Darwin says : “With savages, the weak in body and mind are quickly eliminated, while the survivors develop a health vigorous. Moreover, we, men civilized, we strive to counteract this process of elimination. […] Among civilized nations […], the natural selection seems to have little effect. “

Subject to our genes

The notion of altruism is particularly interesting in the current debate on gender. How to explain that the mother is more unselfish than the father in defending it, sometimes at the cost of his life or of his health, his offspring ? “The mother sacrifices herself for her children nor maternal instinct, nor to ensure the survival of his species, says the biologist, she does so because she is subject to its genes received from its parents and by which it exists, and because small are the only vehicles capable of passing through the wall of the generation in which she is trapped. “

It reminds us that our brain, which is past, there are about three million years, from 400 cubic centimeters to about 1400 there are 200 000 years Homo sapiens has been able to invent, thanks to its capacities acquired accidentally, what is called humanity today : the simple technology, agriculture and the raising of domestic animals, writing, industrial machinery, and modern medicine. All this thanks to the mother of all inventions : the language, ” the passage of our animal nature, inherited from our biological evolution, the nature fully human that we created thanks to our brain “.

Very topical, also, his observations about the two sexes. “Man is not monogamous by choice, but by obligation,” says Barrette. His “preference” remains polygyny. […] The negation of the differences in order to promote equality is a false trail. “No offense to the theorists of the” genritude “, we are well beings as gendered. Other reflections relate to human morphology, such as the breasts, the absence of a baculum, or os penis, menstruation, contraception, etc

In short, the human animal has yet to evolve to a higher intelligence if she wants to save her universe.

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