In ancient Neolithic burial site in Sweden, scientists found a previously unknown strain of the bacterium Yersinia pestis – the causative agent of plague.
In the limestone cemetery, the remains of 78 people. Scientists conducted a genetic analysis of skeletons and teeth of one of them found traces of DNA of Yersinia pestis with a genetic mutation that can cause plague pneumonia — the most dangerous form of plague.
The remains belong to a woman who died at the age of 20, approximately 4900 years ago — just in time for “Neolithic recession” period, when the population in Europe has decreased dramatically. The finding suggests that the reason for this trend could become a pandemic plague.
According to scientists from the University of Gothenburg, the new data contradict the generally accepted versions of the origin of the plague in Europe. It was believed that it was brought by people migrating from the Eurasian steppes.
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Sweden (Kingdom of Sweden) is a country in Northern Europe, located on the Scandinavian Peninsula.
|Coat of arms
Capital – Stockholm
Biggest cities: Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmo, Uppsala
Form of government – Constitutional monarchy
Territory – 447 435 km2 (58th in the world)
Population – 9,83 million people (90th in the world)
Official language – Swedish
Religion – Lutheran
The HDI – of 0, 898 (7th in the world)
GDP – $571,09 billion (21st in the world)
Currency – Swedish Krona
Borders: Norway, Finland
Now scientists are inclined to think that ancient strain of the plague appeared in the crowded European settlements numbering about 10-20 thousand inhabitants that existed in Europe between 5400-6100 years ago. Most of them were in Tripoli — the area between the Danube and the Dnieper, at the junction of present-day Moldova, Ukraine and Romania.
In these ancient “cities” was obviously poor sanitary conditions are just perfect for the development of new pathogens. From there, the plague could easily spread across Europe through trade and wheeled traffic.
As reported by “Around the world. Ukraine”, scientists have identified the home of a medieval plague.