Paris | Never the european prisons were not counted as inmates linked to terrorism cases, according to a study covering ten countries, which focuses on the management of the detention as a tool, a priority of the fight against terrorism.
According to the work of the international Centre for the study of radicalisation (ICSR), King’s College London, which contributed by respected experts in the subject, ” there are more than prisoners sentenced for offences related to terrorism at any time since the turn of the millennium “.
This population is heterogeneous, with in particular a significant feminization, and a rise in the number of militants from the extreme right, says the analysis published this week, which extends a similar one conducted in 2010 by the ICSR. The jihadists represent 82% of the total number of prisoners concerned.
France is first in line with it only a third of inmates (549 out of a total of 1405), ahead of Spain (329), Great Britain (238) and Belgium (136). The other countries know of the populations of two-digit numbers (Sweden, the netherlands, Norway, Denmark) or do not have complete statistics (Germany and Greece).
Ten countries recognize the difficulty of really knowing what happens in the privacy of prisons.
“The risk assessment tools specific to extremism are now used in the majority of countries studied,” the report says, noting, however, that some devices are too recent to be assessed. And that the combat is complicated in the face of a lie on the part of the jihadists who have learned to outwit the interviews.
Should we group together the prisoners ? The spread in the prison population ? The isolate ? Each solution has its advocates, but the devices mixed multiply, say the researchers, with particular attention given to the most dangerous (grouped together or separated depending on the country), when the detainees of less importance are scattered.
All countries acknowledge that in this respect ” that the “disengagement” takes time and will not always be a success “.
The role of the prison as an incubator of radicalization is not new. Several decades ago, the islamist egyptians, the extreme German right or the pro-independence irish themselves had understood the interest of the prison to strengthen their respective movements.
“Well before the direction of the AE Group (islamic State) doesn’t emerge from Camp Bucca, in Iraq, the prisons have been the center of gravity of virtually all the terrorist groups of the modern era “, recalls the report.
It makes a number of recommendations, making the prison a priority of the first order.
“Aware that spending money in the prison is unpopular “, the authors call the chancelleries and public opinion, ” they understand that the maintenance of order and security in prison are key investments for the fight against crime and terrorism “.
“Any powerful software or tool evaluation cannot compensate for the lack of sufficient personnel, space and basic resources “.