Record warmth in Svalbard, Norwegian

Record de chaleur dans le Svalbard norvégien

The Svalbard archipelago of norway in the Arctic, recorded Saturday, temperatures beyond 20 degrees, the hottest ever recorded since more than 40 years, and almost equal to the absolute record, according to the Norwegian meteorological Institute.

With a peak at 21.2 degrees on Saturday afternoon, the archipelago has experienced its second hottest day since records began weather. The only known precedent is the July 16, 1979, when the mercury had reached to 21.3 degrees, specified to the AFP, meteorologist in permanently at the institute, Kristen Gislefoss.

The group of islands, sometimes known as Svalbard, is located a thousand kilometers from the North Pole. The peak of the heat of Saturday, which is expected to last until Monday, is very above normal: the usual temperatures in July, the warmest month in the Arctic, are of the order of 5 to 8 degrees on Svalbard.

According to scientists, the Arctic is warming two times faster than the planet as a whole. The summer of 2020 in the region is marked by episodes almost scorching in the Russian part of the Arctic: temperatures from 5 °C above normal since January in Siberia and a peak at 38 °C in early July in the arctic circle.

According to a recent Norwegian official report “Climate in Svalbard 2100”, the average temperature on Svalbard for the period 2070-2100 is expected to increase 7 to 10 degrees relative to the 1970-2000 period, depending on the level of human emissions in the decades to come.

The change is already visible: “From 1971 to 2017, a warming of 3 °to 5 ° C was observed, with the largest increases in winter,” according to the report.

Known for its polar bears, Svalbard has the characteristic paradoxical to house both a mine of coal, energy is the most greenhouse gas emissions, and a ‘Noah’s Ark plant”, which was inaugurated in 2008 to protect the plants from the impérities men.

This vault was supposed to be a parade against climate change has itself been a victim of global warming. Some € 20 million of work had to be carried out due to water infiltration caused by the melting of the permafrost in 2016.

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