Ritual offerings from the bottom of lake Titicaca: what scientists have found
Lake Titicaca continues to reveal its secrets.
On 2 April 2019 at 14:54
The South American lake Titicaca is inextricably linked with pre-Columbian history of America. In 2000, the Italian archaeologists discovered at a depth of 30 meters a stone terrace, a wall with a length of about 1 km and carved stone sculpture in the form of a human head. The same sculptures, the scientists find during excavations of Tiwanaku, which lies 15 km to the South. In II-IX centuries, Tiwanaku was the largest city in the region of the Central Andes and the center of Andean civilization.
One of the most interesting places on the lake is the Island of the Sun – the legends of the Incas, it was born here the Sun-God. To our days on the island survived almost two hundred ruins of the Inca civilization, and the hills into terraces, indicate the development of agriculture. In 1980-90-ies, archaeologists pulled from the waters off the coast of the island, many artifacts associated with the Incas, and now made a new discovery. Using sonar and underwater three-dimensional photogrammetry an international group of scientists found in geological deposits close to the reef, Khoa (Khoa Reef) the remains of sacrificed llamas, bowls, gold jewelry, shells and stones. Among the most interesting objects vessels for incense with images of Puma – a sacred animal for the inhabitants of Tiwanaku.
Scientists believe that the items were intentionally flooded: next to them were anchors. Probably, the gifts of the gods were dumped on the lake bottom during the rituals held on the boats.
It is known that the Incas came to the shores of lake Titicaca not earlier than the XV century BC, but re-found objects – at 500 years old. This suggests that revere the island as a sacred people were here long before the Incas and inhabited the region between 500 and 1100 ad
Find out how you looked the last ruler of the Incas.