Russia wants to strengthen its positions in the Arctic, both economically and militarily, according to a new Russian naval doctrine, signed by Vladimir Putin on Sunday on Fleet Day Russian.
The Arctic is “being transformed into a region of international competition, not only from an economic point of view, but also from a military point of view”, states this doctrine, signed with great pomp as part of a naval parade in Saint Petersburg (north-west).
Considering these factors, Russia will strengthen “its leading positions in the exploration and conquest of the Arctic” and its mineral deposits and ensure its “strategic stability” in the area by strengthening the military potential of the Russian Fleets of the North and the Pacific, specifies the document.
In the Arctic, the country also wants to “fully develop the Northern Sea Route”, also called the Northeast Passage which connects Europe to Asia along the Russian coast, to transform it into a “secure and competitive that would work all year round”, according to the doctrine.
The 55-page document also denounces the desire of the United States to “dominate in world waters” and the “approximation of military infrastructure to NATO Russian borders”, calling these phenomena “the main threats” for Russia.
Moscow considers the Atlantic Alliance, its old enemy of the Cold War, as a no existential threat and has justified its offensive in Ukraine in particular by the Atlanticist ambitions of Kyiv and the Western political and military support for this neighbor of Russia.