Physicists have managed to achieve a new state of matter that exhibits unusual properties
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The discovery was made by scientists from the University of Edinburgh
Readers familiar with the school program in physics, know that there are three traditional States of matter: solid, liquid and gaseous. Although a more detailed study of their there is much more, for example, plasma, evidence for superfluidity in a degenerate gas, and others. Recently, scientists from the University of Edinburgh has opened a new state of matter.
Experiments with pure potassium showed that the metal under certain conditions can be in liquid and solid States simultaneously. A similar phenomenon is observed under extreme temperature and pressure. Under these conditions, the potassium atoms are organised in a fairly unusual way: the five ring-shaped structures, arranged crosswise, and four chain atoms between them.
Pure potassium in two States at the same time
“Imagine that you are holding a sponge filled with water, which starts to drip water, while sponge is also made of water” is an example of one of the authors is a physicist Andreas Hermann.
The potassium atoms begin to form ordered rings and lattice at pressures of the order of 2 — 4 GPA. This structure at temperatures up to 800 K remains solid. Further heating of individual chains start to melt. Scientists call this state “a structured melt”. According to physicists, such as can be observed in sodium and bismuth.
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We will remind that earlier scientists have recognized the outdated kilograms measure mass. Also earlier in the Universe found it impossible to Land heavy-duty material.
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