Should cage farming of poultry be banned?
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), in two scientific opinions published on Tuesday, recommended an end to the farming of poultry in cages and their mutilation, practices which it considers dangerous for their well-being. be.
The regulator's opinions, requested by the European Commission, are based on studies that have identified the “dangers” to which broilers and laying hens are exposed on farms in the European Union.
As a preventive measure , the EFSA recommends, among other things, banning cage farming – individual or collective – responsible according to it for “stress of isolation” or “group”, “restriction of movement” or even “problems of rest” in these poultry.
As a replacement for this production system, the European regulator prefers the so-called “aviary” system: two-storey structures with perches and laying spaces for the hens.
The EFSA recommends at the same time to reduce the density of breeding and to stop mutilations which consist for example of cutting the combs or the beak of these gallinaceans to prevent them from becoming mutilate each other.
She also points out the need for these poultry to have access to outdoor spaces, or at least to “verandas”, and even indicates that the ambient noise of farms should not not exceed 75 decibels.
As part of its “Farm to Fork” strategy, the European Commission has requested these scientific opinions for the next revision of the European legislation on animal welfare.
In August, the EFSA issued a similar opinion on the welfare of farmed pigs, and five in September on that of animals during transport.
It must decide by May on breeding calves, dairy cows, ducks, geese and quail.