Washington | The United States wants to prevent China and Russia to take control of the space and they rely on their allies for help, including financially, to achieve this, according to the new “defense strategy in space,” published Wednesday by the Pentagon.
This document, the first to develop the strategy of the new Space Force adopted by the United States, recalled that the central objective of the u.s. department of Defense is to maintain the superiority in civil and military of the United States in the space, including the satellite network of GPS tracking that depend on both the military and emergency services, transport and even financial services.
However, this superiority is threatened by the progress made by Moscow and Beijing in the new military domain where, as on land, at sea or in the air, the United States wants to dissuade their opponents from attacking them.
“China and Russia represent the strategic threat the most important, as they have developed, tested and deployed military capabilities in space, and their military doctrine provides for the use in the event of a conflict,” says the document.
“These two countries consider to allow or block the access to space as an essential component of the national strategy and the military,” notes the Pentagon. “The military doctrines of chinese and Russian consider space as important to modern warfare and the use of orbital weaponry as a means to reduce the military effectiveness of United States and their allies, and win future wars”.
China is investing billions of euros in the space. She placed many satellites in orbit, for its own account (Earth observation, telecommunications, gps system Beidou) or for other countries. But Beijing has also successfully tested in 2007, a strike by a surface to air missile against a satellite, according to the Pentagon.
Russia has recently announced the launch test in the fall of a rocket heavy Angara, which is supposed to replace aging launchers Proton, and the acceleration of its project of intercontinental ballistic missile Sarmat will be presented as capable of overcoming any missile defense.
In this strategic competition, the United States has scored a point at the end of may with the dispatch of two american astronauts to the international space Station (ISS) on board a rocket the group’s private SpaceX.
The new u.s. strategy underlines that the Pentagon intends to increase partnerships with industry, with the support of the allies. “The ministry of Defence will promote the sharing of the burden with our allies and our partners,” notes the text.