Sri Lanka: three candidates running for the presidential election

Sri Lanka: three candidates vying for the presidential election

UPDATE DAY

Three candidates were nominated by Sri Lanka's parliament on Tuesday to succeed former President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, who fled the country and resigned last week after protesters invaded his residence.  

The winner of this presidential election, by indirect suffrage, will lead this bankrupt country.

Three candidates were nominated by parliament on Tuesday: interim president Ranil Wickremesinghe will be opposed in a secret ballot vote on Wednesday to former education minister Dullas Alahapperuma – backed by the main opposition party – and left-wing leader Anura Dissanayake.

The island of 22 million people has suffered severe shortages of basic necessities since late last year, with the country having no more foreign currency to finance essential imports.

Sri Lanka defaulted on its $51 billion external debt in mid-April and is in talks with the IMF for a possible bailout.< /p>

After months of protests, Mr. Rajapaksa fled to the Maldives before finding refuge in Singapore last week, from where he tendered his resignation.

A agreement reached

The three candidates were officially nominated by MEPs during a session that lasted less than 10 minutes in the closely watched Parliament. 

Moments earlier, opposition SJB party leader Sajith Premadasa announced on Twitter that he was withdrawing from the race in favor of Mr Alahapperuma, 63, a dissident member of Rajapaksa's split SLPP party.&nbsp ;

“For the greater good of my country which I love and the people whom I cherish, I am withdrawing my candidacy for the post of President,” said Mr. Premadasa. 

He then singled out Mr. Alahapperuma, a former journalist and human rights activist in the late 1980s, when Mr. Premadasa's father, Ranasinghe, ruled the country with an iron fist.

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An SJB MP told AFP that the two men reached an agreement overnight for Mr. Premadasa to become the next prime minister if Mr. Alahapperuma was elected president on Wednesday.

“ We have a common minimum program which we have agreed on,” added MP SJB, “we had only one sticking point on the choice of the president and that was settled last night”.  

Thee candidate of the Rajapaksa

But interim president Mr Wickremesinghe, 73, who has been prime minister six times, has the formal backing of the SLPP leadership, which remains the largest party in parliament with 225 members. 

If Mr Wickremesinghe is confirmed in office, he could appoint Public Administration Minister Dinesh Gunawardena, a school friend of his and a loyal supporter of Mr Rajapaksa, as Prime Minister. 

The third candidate is Anura Dissanayake, 53, leader of the JVP (People's Liberation Front), a left-wing party that has three seats in parliament.

Former army chief Sarath Fonseka failed to garner the support of MPs to enter the presidential race.

The new leader will serve for the remainder of Mr. Rajapaksa's term, which ends in November 2024. 

On Monday Mr Wickremesinghe extended the state of emergency giving sweeping powers to the police and security forces. 

Protesters are planning a new rally in the capital later on Tuesday to demand his resignation. 

They see him as an ally and protector of the Rajapaksa clan, which has dominated the country's politics for many years. 

Former President Mahinda Rajapaksa, Gotabaya's older brother and leader of the group, is still in Sri Lanka. According to party sources, he is pressuring SLPP MPs to support Mr Wickremesinghe.