United Nations | The united nations pronounced Friday on a resolution of the German-belgian extending the same permission for humanitarian assistance cross-border to Syrians, ending in the evening. Three days after the veto, Russia will block it again this life-saving assistance?
Stop using cross-border would be “a devastating blow to the millions of syrian families who depend on it for drinking water, food, health care and housing”, feared by the NGO Oxfam.
On Tuesday, Moscow and Beijing have used their veto, a project of the Germany and the Belgium renewing for one year the authorization of the united nations, now in the north-west of its two current entry point at the border with turkey: Bab al-Salam, leading to the region of Aleppo and Bab al-Hawa serving of Idleb.
The cross-border mechanism of the UN used to distribute humanitarian aid to displaced syrians without the consent of Damascus.
Moscow, which considers that it is encroaching on the sovereignty of its syrian ally, had already succeeded in January to impose on the united nations to strongly reduce, from four to two access points, and for six months against one year since its inception in 2014.
Russia, which ensures want continued support for the region’s insurgent of Idleb, where there are nearly four million people, has submitted to the security Council a counter proposal to retain only the access point Bab al-Hawa for six months.
In a vote on Wednesday, only three votes besides his own were expressed for his text, far short of the nine necessary for adoption without negative vote of a permanent member of the Council.
In charge of the humanitarian component of the syrian issue at the UN, Germany and Belgium, two non-permanent members of the Council, returned to the charge with a text put to the vote on Thursday and the result will be known Friday mid-day.
Only concession to Moscow, the two european countries do not offer more than a six-month extension of the device but keep the two points current access to the syrian territory.
For the us ambassador to the UN, Kelly Craft, they are necessary “to achieve the maximum of Syrians who need humanitarian aid”. Questioned during an interview with AFP to know if this was a “red line”, she replied: “absolutely, Yes”.
According to it, remove the entry point of the Bab al-Salam would be to cut 1.3 million Syrians of all humanitarian aid to the north of Aleppo.
On Thursday, several diplomats do not face a prognosis on the vote of Russia in this “test of strength”.
“No idea,” says one of them. Moscow could be “inflexible” as to return to its initial position (6 months and two access points) in the negotiation, before the harden, ” said another. A new Russian veto is “not excluded but it is also possible” that the text “password” correctness,” said a third diplomat, speaking like others on condition of anonymity.
For the UN, to maintain the greatest possible number of crossing points is crucial, especially when faced with the risk of the pandemic Covid-19 who wins the region.
In a report in June, the secretary-general of the united nations, Antonio Guterres, had called for the extension of the device for one year, including the two access points current.
“We need more aid goes through the border, not that there is less” insisted Thursday his spokesperson, Stéphane Dujarric, addressed the issue of whether the united nations could be satisfied with a single crossing point into Syria.