Syria: NGOs fear a halt to “vital” cross-border aid

Syria: NGOs fear a halt in «vital&rdquo cross-border aid ;

BET À DAY

Millions of people in northwestern Syria risk being cut off from life-saving humanitarian aid if the UN Security Council does not extend a cross-border aid mechanism on Tuesday, warned humanitarian organizations.

This arrangement, which expires on January 10, allows aid to be sent from Turkey to areas under the control of jihadist and rebel groups in the province of Idleb and its surroundings, without going through the Syrian regime of Bashar Al-Assad .  

“The renewal of this resolution is crucial for 4.1 million people trapped in war-torn northwest Syria,” AFP told AFP. Ammar Ammar, from the UN Children's Fund. 

According to him, “humanitarian aid has become a lifeline, especially for the displaced”, and “without cross-border UN access, hunger will increase […]”. 

< p>The mechanism was renewed last July for only six months, a duration imposed by Moscow, an ally of Mr. Assad, while the other members of the Security Council wanted a year. 

Russia wants the aid to pass exclusively through the regions under the control of the regime and not through the Bab al-Hawa crossing point, on the Turkish border, which provides more than 80% of the needs of the population of the jihadist and rebel areas. and will be closed if the mechanism is not renewed. 

But NGOs believe that the regime cannot be trusted to distribute aid fairly in areas beyond its control.  

“Political tool” 

For Diana Semaan of Amnesty International, ending aid “would be catastrophic because there is no no alternative”. 

Such a decision would prevent the delivery of vital aid, which had received around 2.7 million people per month in 2022, according to the UN. 

Today, 90% of the Syrian population lives below the poverty line and 12.4 million people suffer from food insecurity, according to the UN. 

“After more than 11 years of failing the Syrian people, members of the Security Council should be guided by humanitarian rather than political imperatives,” said David Miliband, head of the International Rescue Committee. “This resolution is the bare minimum: safe and predictable aid must not be negotiable.” 

As of 2014, aid could reach Syria through four border crossings, but after years of pressure from Beijing and Moscow, only the Bab-al-Hawa post remained operational. 

On Sunday, the last UN convoy arrived in the Idleb region under the mechanism, according to an AFP correspondent on site.  

“This crucial vote on Syria has become a tool for political negotiation,” lamented the head of mission of Médecins sans frontières for Syria, Francisco Otero y Villar. 

“Condemnation to dead” 

The war that started in 2011 in Syria has fragmented the country. The regime has taken over most of the territory, Kurdish forces control large areas in the north and northeast, and about half of Idlib province and surrounding areas are dominated by jihadists. 

Health professionals staged a sit-in in the Idlib region on Sunday to demand the renewal of the mechanism. 

A border closure would be “a medical disaster” that would put 41 centers of Out-of-service health and basic drugs for chronic diseases would no longer be available, Houssam Korra Mohamed, an Idleb health service official, told AFP at the sit-in. 

The UN has warned that many people “would no longer have access to food and clean water”, if the operation were to stop. 

“Most are women and children who need help just to survive in the depths of winter and in the midst of a severe cholera outbreak,” said a statement signed by the heads of several UN agencies, including the World Organization (WHO). 

And according to Hiba Zayadin, researcher for Human Rights Watch, ending this aid “would amount to a cond amnation to death for many who depend on it”.