Teeth click: discovered remains of a new species of ancient predators
In the Museum’s archive of Kenya, discovered the skeleton of a carnivorous mammal, which was referred to a new kind.
April 19, 2019 at 16:16
About 22 million years ago in what is now Kenya, he lived the formidable carnivorous beast. He weighed about 1,500 kg, at length reached 2,4 meters, height at the withers was about 1.2 meters. The size of the predator is comparable with the size of the polar bear – the largest land predator of our days, having a weight of up to tons, a height of 1.5 meters and a length of about 3 meters.
The discovery was made by paleontologists from Ohio University, studying fossils from the vaults of the National Museum in Nairobi. They were found in 1981 in the South-West of Kenya. The task of the expedition was to search for the remains of the anthropoid primates, and all findings that are not consistent with the task, have been stored in Museum archives.
Among the surviving parts were jaw with fangs and incisors, as well as the brachial, radial, ulnar, and calcaneal bones. Moreover, the teeth of the ancient predator is enormous: average molars have reached 6 inches in length, and the fangs are all 10. “Almost the size of a banana!”, surprised noted paleontologist specializing in predators, Matt Bortz (Matt Borths).
The species was named by Simbakubwa kutokaafrika. Simba in Swahili means lion, “kubwa” – “large”, “kalokairaki” – “out of Africa”. The beast was indeed fulfilled the ancient role of lions in the African ecosystem, being almost the only species of carnivore in the region. But at the time, like modern lions only have two pairs of predatory teeth, used for cutting the meat of the victim – one pair on each side of the jaw, the newfound ancient animal they turned out to be a whopping six pairs! This makes the predator a frightening enemy for almost any animals of that time.
In fact, the remains are found of the beast attitude to the lions do not have – Simbakubwa kutokaafrika is the ancient representative of the extinct group of mammals Anodonta. The name is given because of the similarity of their teeth with the hyenas, though groups are also not linked.
Scientists believe that Simbakubwa kutokaafrika hunted Robotnik or rhinos in their time dominated by other predators. But changes in the environment, the disappearance of mammoths and other animals, as well as the high level of competition left them without food, and about 15-18 million years ago, Anodonta extinct.
Look at fossil predator 50 feet.