The Philippines found a new species of people that know about them
The new species was named Homo luzonensis — in honor of the island of Luzon.
11 APR 2019 14:51
According to most scientists, the Luzon as an island was formed around 2.6 million years ago, and before that he was connected to Asia by land bridge which the first settlers entered this territory. Paleontological studies in Luzon conducted in 2007, and then in the North-East of the island in the cave. obile discovered the metatarsal bone age 66,7 ± 1 thousand years ago, which belonged, in all probability, the mind of Homo sapiens. Then Kaganskoe valley in Northern Luzon were found stone tools and the skeleton of an Indian rhinoceros species, Rhinoceros philippinensis. The animal was killed by ancient people between 777 and 631 thousand years ago.
In addition, from 2011 to 2015 an international group of specialists found in the Callao cave 13 fossil record: molar teeth fingers hands and feet two adults and a fragment of the femur of a child. The results of the study were presented April 10, 2019: it turned out that the remains belong to the unknown mind of the extinct people. In honor of the Islands a new species was named Homo luzonensis.
Install looked like H. luzonensis, difficult: found fragments do not allow to get the full picture. However, judging by the size of the teeth, which is usually proportionate to the body size of mammals, the hominids could not be higher than 1.2 meters. This indicator can be compared with another kind of miniature ancient Man Florensky (Homo floresiensis): for as low growth informally called “hobbits”.
H. luzonensis lived at the same time, when other forms of humanity, including Florensky – 50,000 years ago – but he has more in common with other ancient people. His premolars and curved bones are the same as those of Australopithecines Homo habilis (Homo habilis) and Homo erectus (Homo erectus), but the rest of molars resemble the molars of modern humans , Homo Sapiens. The combination of all these characteristics allowed to attribute the remains to the new species.
Unexpected was the fact that, according to the anatomy of the feet bones, H. luzonensis equally deftly walked upright and climbed trees: in all representatives of Homo, the last ability was lost. In this case, paleontologists explain the development of alternative ways of movement of life on an isolated island.
Scientists have also tried to extract DNA from the bones, but the humid climate of the Philippines long ago destroyed all suitable material for research. H. luzonensis still leaves plenty of questions: it is not known when they began to live on this earth. Also, they need to find a place on the family tree of mankind.
Look at how varied the human face in the process of evolution.