Worried about the future of democracy and the economic crisis linked to the pandemic, the Polish began to vote Sunday in the first round of a presidential race tight.
The outgoing president Andrzej Duda, 48 years old, is running his second mandate in this vote key for his government, nationalist conservative.
Ten other candidates are running to replace him, but according to surveys, it is the mayor’s liberal Warsaw, Rafal Trzaskowski, the main opposition party, civic Platform (PO), which will be the rival of Mr. Duda during the second round of 12 July.
Reforms of the controversial
The victory Trzaskowski, also a 48-year-old, it would deal a hard blow to the government’s Law and Justice party (PiS), the origin of a series of reforms controversial, particularly in the area of justice.
According to the PiS, these changes were necessary to eliminate the corruption among the judges.
But the european partners have criticized these reforms, the government’s populist Polish, claiming that they erode democracy, three decades later after the fall of communism.
The american president Donald Trump, who considers the administration of the PiS as an ally of the european key, has given, as to him, his blessing to Duda this week.
The visit of the Polish head of State to the White House was the first of a foreign leader in the United States since the beginning of the pandemic, only four days before the election day.
The ballot is strongly marked by the crisis of the coronavirus, which has forced the authorities to postpone it from may to June.
A new hybrid system of postal ballot and conventional has also been put in place to prevent new infections.
The official data reported more than 33,000 cases of infection and more than 1 400 deaths, but the minister of Health has admitted that there could be up to 1.6 million undetected cases in Poland, a country of 38 million inhabitants.
Mr. Duda has promised to the Polish people to defend a whole series of benefits thrown by the ruling party, including family allowances and pensions uprated.
The Poles also fear a first recession since the end of communism, caused by the pandemic Covid-19.
Duda has played the card of the rhetoric that anti-gay to seduce far-right voters, according to analysts.
Campaigning under the slogan “We are enough”, the main rival of the incumbent president, Rafal Trzaskowski, has promised to repair ties with Brussels.
Since taking power in 2015, Duda and the PiS have shattered the Polish political stoking tensions with the EU.
The polls open at 7: 00 a.m. and will close at 21: 00.