For the past ten years, the paralysis of the security Council of the UN is often coming from Russia on the syrian issue. Today it is dominated by the rivalry sino-american who pollutes more and more subjects, according to officials and diplomats.
In 2017, an agreement between the United States and China had allowed the united nations three times —for three sets of economic sanctions— to show its unity in the face of the nuclear threat of North Korea.
Three years later, the pandemic of the COVID-19 burst at the great day a fierce competition between the two major financial contributors of the organization, which deplore its chief, Antonio Guterres, “a lack of leadership” in the face of the worst global crisis since 1945.
“Where we see power, we do not always see the necessary leadership” that should go with it, he regretted it recently.
In spite of more than two months of negotiations, the 15 members of the Council have failed to adopt a resolution supporting an appeal of the secretary-general of the united Nations for a cease-fire in the world to facilitate the fight against the disease. Because only differences between china and the us on a mention on the WHO, incidental in the text, with which Donald Trump has decided to break on Friday.
UN officials such as diplomats, who see the sources of conflict between Washington and Beijing would extend, are rather pessimistic for the future.
“The security Council has been paralyzed over the next 45 years between 1945 and 1990, because of the cold War. The last thing we need is another cold War that could cripple again the security Council, ” said a ambassador, under the cover of anonymity. According to him, ” bring disputes bilateral Advice would be a disaster “.
“We should not engage in a new cold War, but it is bad currently, whether it is leadership, pandemic or hit china-us relations,” the topics are very interrelated, ” says another ambassador.
Fragility and humility
The united nations, the finding is that of a drift with a new form.
“In the past, when you had disagreements between members of the Council, it was compartmentalized. Your opponent’s day-to-day a subject could be your best friend the next day on another topic “, noted a UN official on condition of anonymity.
“Today, everything is overflowing, there are camps or disagreements that go from one subject to another “, he adds, an evocation implied of the situation in Hong Kong, which has developed the two key permanent members of the united nations one against the other.
“The tensions between the United States and China are really problematic” for the organization, summarizes this manager, in referring to it, without going into detail, a ” series of topics on which the security Council does not advance “.
An analysis shared by a number of ambassadors. “There is a huge divide in the architecture of a multilateral world, and it is very serious “, particularly between Washington and Beijing, noted the ambassador of the european Union to the united nations, Olof skoog medium.
“We are witnessing a polarization within the security Council “, confirms Christoph Heusgen, Germany’s ambassador, a non-permanent member of this body, then that the diplomatic missions, american and chinese exchange more tweets acrimonious.
During a press conference on Thursday, Antonio Guterres regretted that the pandemic has not led to more humility among the great powers.
“If the current crisis shows us anything, it is our fragility. Our fragile collective. When we are fragile, we should be humble. When we are humble, we should be united and stand together, ” he emphasized in calling for this attitude to the members of the security Council.
And to sink the nail with respect to the United States and China in power ten-fold increase in the UN by their right of veto, even without naming them explicitly. “I’ve never seen the work of the security Council paralyzed by the (ten) elected members” also referred to as non-permanent, a-t-he argues.