Various factors seem to influence the possibility that an individual adheres to the misinformation and malicious theses complotistes, according to the experts consulted by The Newspaper.
The level of education
The more an individual is educated, the less it tends to adhere to conspiracy theories. “The more young people, who do not have university-level, may feel that there is an elite more educated, who has more financial power, and it joins their perception that this elite does not play fair play, is not telling the truth, the fact of the shenanigans in secret,” explains Marie-Eve Carignan. But people highly educated can also “sink” in the conspiracy theories, nuance Colette Brin. “One thinks one is so expert that one thinks that one is infallible,” she said.
Reject the official theory
The important thing for the complotistes is to reject the official story, and this, even if the theories are contradictory. “For example, on the 5G, you can’t believe that it is safe. Now, what is the exact role played by the 5G in the COVID ? It can change from one day to the other. It can be several things at the same time. The important thing is to believe that the 5G cause of the damage to health, ” summarizes the science communicator Jonathan Jarry.
The need to belong
A good part of the motivation to adopt conspiracy theories comes from the ” fundamental need to belong to a group or community “, which often occurs on social networks, exposes Colette Brin, director of the Center for media studies. Furthermore, the more an individual is informed on the social networks, the more it adheres to the theses complotistes, according to professor Marie-Eve Carignan. Conversely, people who see the traditional media and the websites of public authorities will adopt this trend.
A sense of threat
A person who is concerned for his physical health or financial, or that of his family, may be the more tempted to adopt a vision complotiste, observes the professor Marie-Eve Carignan, who has just completed a preliminary study intended precisely to draw a portrait of individuals who adhere to conspiracy theories, in the wake of the COVID-19.
A distrust of the authorities
In general, the complotistes are people who are suspicious of the government and authorities. “They don’t trust the elites, scientists and the media. In a context of a pandemic, they will be more likely to turn to content who criticize these groups and who go against the consensus, ” says Colette Brin.
How to avoid falling in the trap ?
Do not act under the blow of emotion
Take the time to read the publication in full, and inquire about its contents. The producers of fake content seek precisely these emotional reactions.
Question the credibility of the source
The sites of false news work to accurately reproduce the look of reliable sources of information. Take the time to explore the website in throwing, for example, a look at the “about” section or ” Contact us “.
Check out the sources cited in the article
This is not because it is written that a doctor or researcher endorses such-and-such a theory that it is necessarily true.
Take the time to check against— the sayings of these experts. Have they been contradicted by the whole scientific community ? Don’t have a means of confidence because the sources cited “seem” to be reliable.
Check the info on other web sites
Take the time to delve a few minutes to check if other sources have published the same information.
If an item you informs a miracle cure for the COVID-19, be certain that a lot of people tell if it’s true. If a single web site presents the theory, put it back in doubt.
Do not share content that makes you doubt
Any interaction with the content of false news (likes, comments, sharing) will only give him the visibility because of the algorithms of social networks.
If you doubt the accuracy of a publication, do not share it especially not.
5 quebec personalities who support controversial theories
Supporter of the thesis according to which the COVID-19 would only serve to rid the “elite paedo-satanic” Donald Trump, who came to revealing their differences, the man behind the YouTube channel on Radio-Québec feeds his 73 000 subscribers of theses complotistes. Several of his videos on the pandemic has resulted in over 100 000 viewings, some even exceeding the half-million. At the beginning of the month of June, he founded a trust with another conspiracy theorist, Stéphane Blais.
He is the president of the Foundation for the defence of the rights and liberties of the people, which would have raised over $ 350,000 since its inception in may. With the help of mr. Guy Bertrand, the organisation has begun legal proceedings against the government of Quebec in order to challenge the containment measures arising from the COVID-19 and bill 61. An accountant by profession, Stéphane Blais asserts to be the subject of an inquiry by the syndic of the Ordre des CPA, which seems to question the theories complotistes as it spreads. The CPA Order has not wanted to confirm this information.
Belgian installed today in Quebec, Mr. Crèvecœur joined 187 000 subscribers on his YouTube channel. It supports the theory according to which the current pandemic would be used for the establishment of a dictatorship world, calling people to not get tested and do not get vaccinated. The AFP has studied one of his videos the more views, which has since been removed by YouTube, and there have been many falsehoods or inaccuracies. He is a member of the board of directors of the Foundation for the defense of the rights and liberties of the people.
Founder of the Studio, a YouTube channel with 30,000 subscribers, André Pitre is a regular conspiracy theories, addressing often the concept of “deep State” in his videos. He frequently receives Stéphane Blais and Alexis Cossette-Trudel in its programming online.
The actress québec has done much talk in recent weeks for his stance on vaccination and containment measures related to the crisis. Quickly, his number of followers on Facebook and Twitter has increased and she has made at least one appearance in the Studio of André Pitre.
— Pierre-Paul Biron and Kathryne Lamontagne