MISE À DAY
The Russian army retreated Tuesday in the region of Kharkiv (northeast) but also of Kherson (south), according to maps presented by the Russian Ministry of Defense, illustrating the latest successes of the counter -Ukrainian offensive in the territories annexed by Moscow.
These maps, compared with the one from the day before, show that the Russian forces left a large number of localities in the Kherson region , including Dudtchany, on the western bank of the Dnieper River, while the Ukrainian army is leading a counter-offensive there which has struggled to break through until now.
The map of the Kharkiv region (northeast) shows that the Russians have left almost all of the eastern bank of the Oskil River, the last area of the region they still controlled.
The Russian army has not announced a withdrawal, nor has it commented on this visible setback on the maps.
The Russian occupation authorities in the South of the Ukraine have called for their side not to “panic”, despite a series of bitter setbacks.
The head of the Russian occupation in Kherson, Vladimir Saldo, was the first to admit a Ukrainian “breakthrough” and in particular the loss of the village of Dudtchany, before assuring that the Russian air force had “stopped” the Ukrainian advance, in an interview Monday afternoon published Tuesday on his Telegram page.
- Listen to the interview with Michel Roche, specialist in URSS on the Richard Martineau show broadcast live daily at 9:05 a.m. via QUB radio :
According to Western and Ukrainian estimates, some 20,000 Russian soldiers are stationed in this area.
Ukrainian forces have concentrated fire in recent weeks on Russian positions and warehouses on the right bank of the Dnieper as well as the bridges spanning this river in order to cut off Russian supply lines.
75 km to the north East of Kherson, along the Dnieper, Nastassia Proudkoune, 75, saw the Ukrainian army “daily pounding” the Kakhovka dam between the two banks controlled by Moscow last week.
The Russians “built a pontoon on the water, but the Ukrainians touched it twice and destroyed it”, she told AFP by telephone, suggesting a difficult withdrawal of Russian troops, cut in half by the Dnieper.
Kyiv is still silent on its progress in the south of the country.
“( The Russians) abandon their positions and withdraw to a safe distance, destroy their stockpiles of ammunition, try to destroy the bridges,” the Ukrainian General Staff simply wrote on Facebook.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky limited himself to saying in his Monday evening address that “new localities have been liberated in several regions”.
In addition, for several days, videos of Ukrainian soldiers hoisting their flag in northern villages of the Kherson region have multiplied online.
The chief of staff of the Ukrainian presidency, Andriï Yermak, posted a message of emoticons on Telegram showing flags Ukrainians and a watermelon, a fruit of which the Kherson region is a major producer.
Russian troops seized at the beginning of the invasion of Ukraine from Kherson, on the Dnipro river, the only regional capital they managed to conquer.
After a series of crushing defeats in northern and eastern Ukraine, Russia has decided to annex the regions of Lugansk, Donetsk, Kherson and Zaporijjia, which it controls at least in part, and decreed a mobilization of hundreds of thousands of reservists.< /p>
But two days after the annexation ceremony, President Zelensky announced the takeover of Lyman, a strategic railway hub in eastern Ukraine, inflicting a new snub on Moscow.
The mobilization of reservists in Russia has also been chaotic, with the army coming under fire for calling up a number of reservists who should have been exempted for health or family reasons.
New American “Himars” < /strong>
Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu claimed that since the September 21 mobilization order, more than 200,000 people had joined the army.
“Training of (news) personnel trained units is carried out on 80 military fields and in six training centers,” he added.
The prospect of being sent to the front, however, also caused an exodus of tens of thousands of Russians , who left the country in particular for Georgia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Finland.
In Russia, the organization of imprisoned opponent Alexeï Navalny has announced that it will reopen its regional offices to fight “against war and mobilization”, despite possible legal reprisals.
For their part, Westerners have swore they would continue to support Kyiv, including with modern arms and ammunition.
Joe Biden spoke to his Ukrainian counterpart Volodymyr Zelensky on Tuesday, according to the White House, which then announced 625 million dollars in additional military aid to Ukraine.
This shipment will include in particular new Himars for the Ukrainian army. These highly accurate and powerful rocket launcher systems have played an important role in Ukraine's recent military advances.
The UN, for its part, has argued that Russia's annexation of Ukrainian territories will not would only “exacerbate” human rights violations committed by Moscow.
The consequences for the Ukrainian economy are also considerable: GDP is expected to contract by 35% in 2022 according to a new forecast of the World Bank.
The President of the Ukrainian Central Bank, Kyrylo Shevchenko, announced his resignation for “health” reasons.