The White House, in Washington, the Elysée palace, in Paris, on 10, Downing Street in London, the Kremlin in Moscow, as many well-known places of political power. What happens inside is not necessarily known to the public. Is there play in the destinies of several nations, alliances are formed and break up of the decisions that can change the face of the world.
Victor Beliveau has chosen, among the dictatorships friendly to Washington, six cases : Fulgencio Batista in Havana in 1959, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in Tehran in 1979, Mobutu Sese Seko in Kinshasa in 1991, Suharto in Jakarta in 1998, Ilham Aliyev in Baku in 2005 and Hosni Mubarak in Cairo in 2011, corresponding to three situations different historical : cold war, 1948-1989, new world order 1989-2001 and post-11 September 2001 until the aftermath of the arab Spring of 2012.
Why would a president of the United States, republican or democrat, is supporting a dictator and decides to abandon the other, despite the obvious links of friendship ? wonders there. “Our hypothesis, he says, is that these decisions are primarily based on a calculation linked to the constant search for the maximum retention of the influence gained (CMIA), to decipher this apparent contradiction. “That is to say that even though this may seem contradictory, the White House base, before all, his foreign policy on the CMIA.
It is a simple matter of political calculation. If a dictator friend loses control of his country for x reasons (a result of mass strikes, an uprising, military demonstrations, violent, etc), Washington may decide to drop it, if it quickly finds a replacement that will allow him to maintain its influence and to maintain intact the military treaties and economic. This is not the dictatorial regime that is questioned, it is the dictator himself, the author explains. In such conditions, the United States may abandon the dictator friend fallen to his lot, and even deny him political asylum. In the words of a british politician of the Nineteenth century, in politics there are no permanent friends nor enemies are permanent, there are only permanent interests.
This strategy of the CMIA allows you to avoid the United States to intervene directly and militarily in a country under the influence, as they have done in Panama (1989) and in the island of Grenada (1983). Béliveau has inventoried all occasions, from 1948 to 2012, where ” the White House has had to rule on the shutdown or continuation of its support for a dictator friend facing an uprising in house “, not less than 45 case ! A work of unusual and exemplary.
The case of Cuba
The author recalls that the United States were interested since a long time in Cuba, they have tried to purchase in Spain on several occasions in the Nineteenth century. After graduating from long struggle for independence in 1898, Cuba had fallen under the influence american. “During the twenty years which followed, the United States intervened four times (in 1906, 1909, 1912 and 1917 to 1922) on the territory of Cuba to restore order and preserve their economic interests. The arrival of Batista to power, following a coup, was the case of Washington, because it provided the CMIA. But this honeymoon was short-lived. The guerrilla warfare led by Fidel Castro and his barbudos progressed without the army batistienne not able to stop it. As Fidel was the most popular, December 14, 1958, Washington gave up Batista and then sought to appease Fidel, minimizing his speech anti-imperialist. The White House recognized quickly the new interim government. But the wine turned to vinegar : “just six months after the visit of the prime minister of cuba to the White House, Eisenhower approved a plan proposed by the department of State for support groups-castro Cuba and in the United States and to promote the reversal potential of Castro. “The rear-guard still does today.
The chapters on Iran and the fall of the shah, Zaire (ex belgian Congo) with the corrupt Mobutu ” leopard of Kinshasa “, the Indonesia’s bloodthirsty Suharto, the strong man from Jakarta, Azerbaijan after the collapse of the USSR, and the Egypt of hosni Mubarak, the man with the iron hand, are just as captivating. The new scenarios in progress in Venezuela, in Bolivia and Honduras, and they all fall in this constant search for the CMIA, to which Trump is actively involved.
What is the security Council of the United Nations ?
The Presses de l’université de Montréal”>
The Presses of the University of Montreal
We will still ask, sixty-five years after its creation, at the end of the Second world War : what is the security Council of the united Nations, whose mission, on paper at least, is to ensure international peace and security ? It is composed of five major powers : Usa, Russia, China, France and the United Kingdom, and ten non-permanent members without veto right to serve for two years and from 180 member States of the general Assembly. The blue Helmets, among other things, it is the security Council. This small book answers our questions.
Chickens in my backyard For fresh eggs daily
We saw sheep grazing peacefully on the grass in our parks, replacing the blue collar workers of the city, so why not chickens in our courses for fresh eggs every day ? In less than three hundred pages, it will be all about raising chickens in an urban environment, on the different breeds, diseases and where to get them, about eggs and their benefits vitamins on the chicks, and care appropriate to provide, on the construction of a chicken coop, on the regulations and permits municipal, etc to Put our eggs in one basket ? Why not, if it is for the omelette in the morning.
Ten guys passionate/Ten career inspirational
Laïla Héloua and Corinne de Vailly
Laïla Héloua and Corinne de Vailly
There is Daniel Borsuk, chief of plastic surgery at the CHU Saint-Justine, who has carried out the first transplant of face in Quebec ; the Madelinot Mario Cyr, a cameraman and underwater photographer who shoots for the BBC, Disney, and National Geographic ; Tristan Demers, cartoonist, screenwriter and author of the famous character Gargoyle sold nearly a million copies in eleven countries ; Laurent Duvernay-Tardif, who has completed her studies in medicine while playing football in a professional team of the american league. And a few other go-getters, all inspiring.