Venezuela: what legitimacy for legislative?

Venezuela: quelle légitimité pour des législatives?

The Venezuelans must renew the national Assembly this year. But Nicolas Maduro and his allies chavistes managed to push Juan Guaido and the main opposition parties venezuelans who control to boycott the elections, putting in doubt the legitimacy of the elections.

The blood of the leaders of the eleven opposition parties has been the fact that a tour last week. The supreme Court, they accuse of being under the orders of the socialist president, has in effect arrogated to itself the prerogative to renew the national electoral Council (CNE) for the elections, whose date has not yet been arrested.

But the law dictates that it should be exercised only to the national Assembly.

The issue of the composition of the CNE and the voting that he is in charge of organising is of size: the unicameral Parliament is the only institution in Venezuela which is beyond the power.

The opposition is in the majority in the chamber since the parliamentary elections in 2015. And that’s waving its quality of president of the national Assembly that Juan Guaido proclaimed himself interim president on January 23, 2019. He had put on before the character “fraud” of the presidential election in 2018, which had allowed Nicolas Maduro to be kept at the palace of Miraflores.

Juan Guaido has been re-elected by the opposition to the presidency of the Assembly in January, but the power does not recognize it as such.

In a joint communiqué, the opposition parties, including Voluntad popular (popular Will) Juan Guaido, have blasted the “electoral farce” that, according to them, is on the horizon and ensured that they did not participate. Washington, support of Juan Guaido, has condemned the new national electoral Council.

The replica of Nicolas Maduro has cast Tuesday: the opposition parties will not participate in the elections “because they know they will lose”.

But for the historian Pedro Benitez, Nicolas Maduro and his allies “are trying to organize” elections “on their terms”.

And, adds Benigno Alarcon, a political scientist at the catholic university Andres-Bello, the power tries to “neutralize” Juan Guaido “by all means”.

The path of the street

Juan Guaido, recognised as interim president by sixty countries, is already the subject of numerous lawsuits and accusations of “conspiracy” and “coup attempts”. Charges designed to discourage voting in favour of the opposition,” judge Benigno Alarcon.

For the moment, the opponent has not been arrested. But for nearly a year and a half, since he was proclaimed acting president, he is not able to oust Nicolas Maduro. And his popularity rating rose from 63% in January 2019 to 25.5% in the month of may, according to the institute Datanalisis. As Nicolas Maduro is 13.1%.

Obviously, pointe Luis Vicente Leon, director of Datanalisis, if Nicolas Maduro has chosen to leave to the justice of the care to appoint the new national electoral Council, “this is not to control the Assembly (that will come out of the ballot box) in terms of legislation”, but to “weaken” Juan Guaido.

Where the question of the legitimacy of the upcoming parliamentary elections.

They remind the historian Pedro Benitez the presidential election of 2018. The abstention was the highest in sixty years and the United States and many european countries and Latin american states had not recognized the validity of the election. The major part of the opposition had boycotted and screamed out to the “fraud”.

With these legislative, Nicolas Maduro, who has always had the critical support of the army of venezuela and its allies, the russians, will attempt to “recover a bit of legitimacy, but it will not be enough”, said Mr. Benitez.

So much so that the leadership of the two opposition parties — Accion democratica and Primero justicia — were at once suspended on Monday and Tuesday by the supreme Court.

If he doesn’t count on the polls, Juan Guaido put, it, on the new manifestations of anti-Maduro. Last year, they drained thousands of Venezuelans. But the momentum that was when the opponent faltered and the protests are frayed to completely disappear with the pandemic Covid-19.

Last week, Juan Guaido, however, has called on its supporters to “return to the path of the street while respecting social distancing”.

“We can not lead a political passive”, has he hammered on Saturday, while promising more “pressure”, without giving more details.

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