, Jean-Louis Fortin , Maude Boutet , Philippe Langlois , Éric Yvan Lemay , Charles Mathieu and Marie Christine Trottier MISE À DAY
Live during the 2022 Leaders' Debate on Radio-Canada, researchers from our Bureau of Investigation verify the candidates' statements. Who says true, who says false? Which statements deserve more clarification or context? Stay with us all evening to have the right time. Have you spotted a statement that deserves verification? Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
François Legault said that “wages have never risen as fast as they do now.”
It's true. From August 2021 to August 2022, the average hourly rate of employees in Quebec, all professions combined, increased by 6.9%. An all-time record? Hard to say. But if we look at the last decade, from one month of August to another, since 2010, there has never been such a strong increase.
Asked by Patrice Roy about a possible tax cut proposed by the Conservative Party of Quebec, Éric Duhaime explains to what extent he would reduce the size of the state to achieve this.
“We are essentially proposing what Mr. Legault proposed 4 years ago which has not fulfilled as a promise. We would like to reduce the number of state employees by 5,000. That being said, we don't want to dismiss anyone because you know that our public service is aging. We would like to operate by attrition, but we want to reduce the size of the state.”
This is indeed what the Coalition Avenir Québec proposed in 2018. In a press release sent during this election campaign, François Legault's party suggests not filling 5,000 of the 36,000 positions that were to be left vacant by retirees from the service. public for the next four years.
As to know whether this promise has been kept since the CAQ came to power, one need only look at the most recent figures from the Secretariat of the Council of treasure. Rather than shrinking, the number of civil servants increased by 3.1% between 2019 and 2020.
Parti Québécois (PQ) leader Paul St-Pierre Plamondon makes another shortcut by saying that lowering taxes is a one-way ticket to austerity. “For the sake of rigor, the parties that promise tax cuts is to reduce state revenues, and put yourself in a situation, for example, of a hypothetical recession, that means another cycle of austerity for public health workers. It’s a one-way ticket to austerity,” he says.
The team at L'Heure Juste set the record straight during the Face-to-Face on TVA last week.
The concept of austerity is not as simple as Mr. St-Pierre Plamondon suggests. Yes, lower taxes can lead to lower state revenues. However, there are several other factors to consider. Indeed, the state can earn additional revenue, observe an increase in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), or even borrow money to cover government expenses and prevent a reduction in public services.
“In Quebec, 85 % of families have one or two children,” said François Legault, when he denounced the Québec Solidaire car tax that would apply to families with fewer than three children.
Mr. Legault is right. According to figures from the 2021 census, 1,070,750 families in Quebec have 1 or 2 children out of a total of 1,287,685 families, or 83.1%.
The head of Quebec solidaire, Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois, said “did you know that the Toyota RAV4, we sell 24 times more in Quebec than the Dodge [Grand] Caravan? And yet, this vehicle will not be affected by our plan.
He was debating the taxes his party is proposing to impose on certain types of vehicles.
In 2021, it's true that 24.75 times more Toyota RAV4s were sold than new Dodge Grand Caravans in Quebec. What Mr. Nadeau-Dubois did not specify is that Dodge ceased production of its Grand Caravan in 2020. The 644 new Grand Caravans that were sold in 2021 were therefore end-of-line models. It is therefore normal that there were 24 times fewer sold than RAV4.
In 2020, when the Grand Caravan was still in production, it instead sold six times more RAV4 than Grand Caravan.
The minivan now marketed by Dodge's parent company is the Chrysler Pacifica, of which 1026 units were sold in 2021.
In response to a question about the most urgent action to counter climate change, Parti Québécois (PQ) leader Paul St-Pierre-Plamondon said: “It is important to mention that here, there are just two out of five parties that have tabled a comprehensive plan that includes reducing GHGs [greenhouse gases] and measuring them.”
The comments of the PQ leader are false since four of the five parties in the National Assembly plan to lower GHGs. Indeed, the Coalition Avenir Québec is aiming for zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, while Québec Solidaire is considering a 55% reduction as part of their Vision 2030.
The Liberal Party of Quebec said it wanted to reduce GHGs by 45% by 2030 at the last members' convention in November 2021.
For its part, the PQ also wants to reduce GHG emissions by 45% by here 2030.